The Dynamic Database Class Based on ATL/OLE DB Technology

Sample Image

Environment: VC++ 6.0, NT 4.0,Win2000, Win95/98


Imagine the advantages of being able to dynamically access a database from the client-side. As a few possibilities, you could dynamically query a database from client-side, dynamically populate a drop-down select list, or dynamically update certain fields of a table. In fact, you can do this, with the help of the CSQLQuery object.

This article describes the dynamic class CSQLQuery which based on ATL/OLE DB library and offer several samples.

Submitting an SQL statement and retrieving data

To submit an SQL statement, you simply instantiate a CSQLQuery
object and then call the ExecuteSQL member function passing the SQL string as argument.

CSQLQuery query(GetSession());
query.ExecuteSQL(“SELECT MAX(UnitPrice) FROM Products”);

Retrieving data is easy like 1,2,3. You just need to define variable and get the data by using overloaded operator like >>.

double dblUnitPrice = 0; query
>> dblUnitPrice;

Note: in this case you have to take care about data mapping. For example, SQL Server data like int should to map in C++ long type.

To retrieve any data to string and avoid mapping you can use operator > like here:

CString str; query > str.

In this case you don’t have to take care about data mapping. All types of data will be map to the CString object automatically.

You can also use overloaded operators Like << to pass a parameters

double dblMaxPrice = 2.8;
CSQLQuery query(GetSession());
query << “SELECT ProductName,UnitPrice FROM Products \
WHERE UnitPrice > ” << dblMaxPrice;

The execution of stored procedure with parameters may looks like here:

double dblPar1 = 2.8, dblPar2 = 1.8;
CSQLQuery query(GetSession());
query << “EXECUTE sp_MyProcedure ” << dblPar1 << ” , ” << dblPar2;

The SQL update statement will not complicated as well:

CSQLQuery query(GetSession());
query << “UPDATE Orders SET ShipName = ‘MyName’ WHERE EmployeeID = 5”;

An Example Using the Object

An example of list box population

In this example the function PoulateListBox is making population depends from the value of argument dblMaxPrice. The list box will populated with data having UnitPrice more than dblMaxPrice. You can extend that idea for any condition to retrieve data.

void PoulateListBox(CListBox& box,double dblMaxPrice)
CSQLQuery query(GetSession());
query << “SELECT ProductID,ProductName FROM \
Products WHERE UnitPrice > ” << dblMaxPrice;
LONG lProductID = 0; CString strProductName;
query >>
lProductID >> strProductName;
int idx = box.AddString(strProductName);

En example of CListCtrl population

This sample shows how you can populate CListCtrl with columns and data.

void CQueryView::ShowQuery(const CString strTableName)
// Clear List control
while(m_listCtrl.DeleteColumn(0)) {}

CSQLQuery query(GetSession());
query << ” SELECT TOP 100 * FROM ” << strTableName;

// Show columns
int cols = query.GetColumnsCount();
for( int nCol = 0; nCol < cols; nCol++)
CString strColName = query.GetColumnName(nCol);

// Show data
int nItem = 0;
CString str; query > str;
for( int nSubItem = 1; nSubItem < cols; nSubItem++)
CString str; query > str;

Is this not easy?

About GetSession()

The CSQLQuery object is using pointer to the CSession class. A CSession object represents a single database access session defined in ATL library. To create a new CSession for a CDataSource simply instantiate an objects:

CDataSource m_datasource;
CSession m_session;

And create one using the following function:

bool Connect(ATL::CDataSource* pDataSource,
ATL::CSession* pSession) {
CComBSTR bstrServer(m_strServerName);
CComBSTR bstrUser(m_strLoginName);
CComBSTR bstrPassword(m_strPassword);
CComBSTR bstrDatabase(m_strDatabaseName);
if(pSession && pSession->m_spOpenRowset != NULL)

dbinit.AddProperty(DBPROP_AUTH_PASSWORD, bstrPassword);
dbinit.AddProperty(DBPROP_AUTH_USERID, bstrUser);
dbinit.AddProperty(DBPROP_INIT_CATALOG, bstrDatabase);
dbinit.AddProperty(DBPROP_INIT_DATASOURCE, bstrServer);
dbinit.AddProperty(DBPROP_INIT_LCID, (long)1049);
dbinit.AddProperty(DBPROP_INIT_PROMPT, (short)4);
if(FAILED(pDataSource->Open(_T(“SQLOLEDB.1”), &dbinit))){
pDataSource->Close(); return
if (pSession &&pSession->Open(*pDataSource) != S_OK)
return false;
return true;

So, GetSession() will be like here:

CSession* GetSession()
return &m_session;

Notes about demo

The demo project of this article was tested on SQL Server 7.0/8.0 and database Northwind.To connect to another type of database such as Oracle, I believe you should only need to change Function Connect.


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