Asynchronous Query Execution

Because of multithreading support is available, the MFC ODBC classes no longer use asynchronous processing. By default, drivers execute ODBC functions synchronously; that is, the application calls a function and the driver does not return control to the application until it has finished executing the function. However, some functions can be executed asynchronously; that is, the application calls the function, and the driver, after minimal processing, returns control to the application. The application can then call other functions while the first function is still executing.

Asynchronous execution is supported for most functions that are largely executed on the data source, such as the functions to prepare and execute SQL statements, retrieve metadata, and fetch data. It is most useful when the task being executed on the data source takes a long time, such as a complex query against a large database.

In MFC version 4.2 and higher, CDatabase::SetSynchronousMode() function which allows asynchronous execution has become obsolete. The MFC ODBC classes now use only synchronous processing.

Two classes CAsyncDatabase and CAsyncRecordset provide support for asynchronous execution. This allows an application perform other tasks while a complex query is executing.

Usage is very simple. Copy CAsyncDatabase.* and CAsyncRecordset.* files into the project. Do not forget

#include “AsyncDatabase.h”
#include “AsyncRecordset.h”

and examine the following samples.

For CAsyncDatabase:

– Open database as usual;

– Call ExecuteSQLAsync(<sql_query_text_here>);

– Call CAsyncDatabase’s SQLStillExecuting() to determine whether the query is still executing;

– Call CDatabase’s Cancel() function with the HSTMT returned by ExecuteSQLAsync() to cancel the query execution.

CAsyncDatabase sample.

// asynchronous query execution
void ExecuteLongQuery(strQuery)
CAsyncDatabase DB;

HSTMT hstmt = DB.ExecuteSQLAsync(strQuery); // complex query
// check for Cancel command, for exmpl
if(Cancelled()) // by Cancel button, for example

For CAsyncRecordset:

– Open recordset using OpenAsync(…). (parameters are the same as for Open());

-Call CAsyncRecordset’s StillExecuting() to determine whether the query is still executing;

-Call CRecordset’s Cancel() function to cancel the recordset opening (i.e. SELECT query execution).

CAsyncRecordset sample.

// Open Asynchronous Recordset
// DB is a CDatabase
CAsyncRecordset rs(&DB);

rs.OpenAsync(CRecordset::snapshot, strQuery, CRecordset::executeDirect);


Task(); // perform some task

A few word about OnSetOptions() virtual.

The framework calls this member function to set initial options for the recordset or database. CRecordset and CDatabase’s OnSetOptions() determines the data sources support for scrollable cursors and for cursor concurrency and sets the recordsets options accordingly.

You can override OnSetOptions() to set additional options specific to the driver or the data source. For example, if your data source supports opening for exclusive access, you might override OnSetOptions() to take advantage of that ability.

CAsyncDatabase and CAsyncRecordset classes use OnSetOptions() to determine the data source’s support for asynchronous function execution and set options accordingly. (If data source does not support asynchronous execution both CAsyncDatabase and CAsyncRecordset execute functions synchronously without warning user.)
So when You overrides OnSetOptions() be sure You call CAsyncDatabase::OnSetOptions() or CAsyncRecordset::OnSetOptions().

Download demo project – 14 KB

Download demo executable – 99,9 KB

Download source – 4 KB


According to MFC documentation asynchronous processing slows performance.

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