As a programmer I often find a need for an IPC(Inter-Process Communication) Mechanism for interacting between serveral processes.
I like using COM and OLE since interfaces are simplified, and interaction between components becomes easy.
Most IPC techniques requires marshalling, prameters descriptors, and enormous overhead on the design and testing processes.
the ATL environment supply a suitable framework for COM Events dispatching with default marshling.
To generate a simple OLE Server that expose an interface to be connected from multiple clients follow these steps:
- Start a new ATL project selecting the SERVER – Executable (EXE)
- A new skeleton was created. select “Insert/New ATL Object” from the ‘Insert’ Menu and specify the parameters for the interface you want to create , don’t forget to check the ‘Support Connection Points’ checkbox.
it is recommended to check the marshlink checkbox and even to create a custom marshler if all you need is Local IPC.
- Select other options depended on your project and generate the interface code.
- Add methods/properties to your exposed interface.
- On the dispinterface(EventSink) add methods for the events to be passed to the calling process.
- Now as you can see in your interface generated header file your interface inheret from ConnectionPointContainerImpl<>
to support connction points you must implement a proxy that uses the dispinterface discussed earlier.
ATL Framework can do it for by simply right-clicking on the Interface implementation file and choosing implement connection
- A propery page will appear asking you to select header filename and interface to implement select the appropriate and click OK.
- Now from the exposed interface you can use the Fire_”EventName” to call the caller application with parameters.
- Start a new project (Win32,MFC,or whatever you wish)
- Import the IDL. you can use the #import directive to generate .tlh,.tli files .
- Now implement the dispinterface (The EventSink) using a class derived from the IDispatch + Invoke method and Query Interface.
- To ‘install’ the event sink you must use an instance of the exposed interface , use QueryInterface to get the IConnectionPointContainer from it, after an object of this type was retrieved use FindConnectionPoint to get the IConnectionPoint object and Advise method to connect the EventSink.
The Demo Project
The sample project was created on MSDEV 6sp4 tested on Win2k Proffesional Edition.
It consist of OLEServerSampler.exe that expose the IDoInterProcConnections interface and the _IDoInterProcConnectionsEvents sink.
and HelloSampler.exe a console application that implement an EventSink and connect to the OLEServerSampler Process.