Audio Volume Manipulation classes


Many times my applications required audio volume manipulation.
To make the volume-enabled application development easier I decided to
create a few C++ classes that would allow me to easily regulate and track
the changes of such volume controls as Output Master Volume, WaveOut Volume and
Input (WaveIn) Volume.
Here I provide such classes that share a common interface (defined in IVolume.h):

bool IsAvailable() - Says whether the volume controling is possible
void Enable() - Enables the line of the volume control
void Disable() - Disables the line of the volume control
DWORD GetVolumeMetric() - Retrieves the granularity of volume
DWORD GetMinimalVolume() - Retrieves the minimal volume that can be set
DWORD GetMaximalVolume() - Retrieves the maximal volume that can be set
DWORD GetCurrentVolume() - Retrieve the current volume
void SetCurrentVolume( DWORD dwValue ) - Set the volume

And the last function allows to register a user-implemented callback that
will be called as a notification of volume changes:
void RegisterNotificationSink( PONMICVOULUMECHANGE, DWORD )

This interface is implemented by CVolumeOutMaster (VolumeOutMaster.h/cpp),
CVolumeOutWave (VolumeOutWave.h/cpp) and CVolumeInXXX (VolumeInXXX.h/cpp) classes.
The usage of the classes is very simple:

In your StdAfx.h include “mmSystem.h” and make sure you link to the “winmm.lib”

( #pragma comment(lib, "winmm.lib") ).

Then, if you are going to use Output Mater volume control, include “VolumeOutMaster.h”,
say, to the StdAfx.h

The IVolume.h, VolumeInXXX.h, VolumeInXXX.cpp are to be inserted as your project files.

void CALLBACK MasterVolumeChanged( DWORD dwCurrentVolume, DWORD dwUserValue );
// Volume control Initialization
IVolume* pMasterVolume = (IVolume*)new CVolumeOutMaster();
if ( !pMasterVolume || !pMasterVolume->IsAvailable() )
    // handle error
pMasterVolume->RegisterNotificationSink( MasterVolumeChanged, dwAnyUserValue );
pMasterVolume->SetCurrentVolume( dwVolumeToSet );
DWORD dwCurrentVolume = pMasterVolume->SetCurrentVolume();
void CALLBACK MasterVolumeChanged( DWORD dwCurrentVolume, DWORD dwUserValue )
    // handle the volume change

Very simple, isn’t it?

Yet, the CVolumeInXXX class requires more explanation. In order to manipulate
the Input volume, the source line index is to be passed to the constructor.
Confused? Please, be not. CVolumeInXXX class provides a static function to
enumerate those lines:

bool EnumerateInputLines( PINPUTLINEPROC, DWORD dwUserValue );

This allows you to manipulate the volume of any WaveIn-based lines.
Say, you want to manipulate the microphone volume:

bool CALLBACK EnumInputLineProc( UINT uLineIndex, MIXERLINE* pLineInfo, DWORD dwUserValue );
// Initialization
UINT uMicrophoneLineIndex = (UINT)-1;
if ( !CVolumeInXXX::EnumerateInputLines( EnumInputLineProc, (DWORD)&uMicrophoneLineIndex ) )
    // handle error
if ( uMicrophoneLineIndex == (UINT)-1 )
    // Error: mic volume'ing is not available.
IVolume* pMicrophoneVolume = (IVolume*)new CVolumeInXXX( uMicrophoneLineIndex );
if ( !pMicrophoneVolume || !pMicrophoneVolume->IsAvailable() )
    // handle error
// Go on and use pMicrophoneVolume to manipulate the volume
bool CALLBACK EnumInputLineProc( UINT uLineIndex, MIXERLINE* pLineInfo, DWORD dwUserValue )
    if ( pLineInfo->dwComponentType == MIXERLINE_COMPONENTTYPE_SRC_MICROPHONE )
            *((UINT*)dwUserValue) = uLineIndex;
            return false;
    return true;

Be aware, for performance reasons it is better to have a single instance
of a given class per application. So don’t rush to create lots of CVolumeInXXX
objects, better share the only one through your code.


The proposed classes do not encapsulate all the abilities exposed by the mixers.
However, working with a mixer just to add a pretty simple functionality is quite boring.
That’s why, as I think, the proposed classes might be of some help to you.

Download demo project – 15 KB

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