How to display tooltips for a toolbar in a dialog

It is relatively easy to place a toolbar in a dialog box, but I had a hard time making
the tooltips appear since none of the TTN_xxxx message handlers are present in a CDialog
derived class. This article describes a simple technique for getting tooltips when you
have a toolbar in a dialog. It also gives a brief overview of the steps involved in adding
a toolbar to a dialog box.

Step 1

In the dialog’s header file you must add a CToolBar instance and an entry in the
message map to handle the tooltip messages.

protected:
     CToolBar cToolBar;

at the bottom of the wizard generated message map entries add:

//}}AFX_MSG
afx_msg BOOL OnToolTipText(UINT nID, NMHDR* pNMHDR, LRESULT* pResult);
DECLARE_MESSAGE_MAP()

Step 2

In dialog’s implementation file add the following to the end of OnInitDialog to
show the toolbar.

//add the tool bar to the dialog
cToolBar.Create(this);
cToolBar.LoadToolBar(IDR_TOOLBAR);
cToolBar.ShowWindow(SW_SHOW);
cToolBar.SetBarStyle(CBRS_ALIGN_TOP | CBRS_TOOLTIPS | CBRS_FLYBY);
RepositionBars(AFX_IDW_CONTROLBAR_FIRST, AFX_IDW_CONTROLBAR_LAST, 0);

At the bottom of the message map add the following:

FX_MSG_MAP
ON_NOTIFY_EX_RANGE(TTN_NEEDTEXTW, 0, 0xFFFF, OnToolTipText)
ON_NOTIFY_EX_RANGE(TTN_NEEDTEXTA, 0, 0xFFFF, OnToolTipText)
END_MESSAGE_MAP()

Finally add the message handler method as entered in the message map:

BOOL CToolBarTipTestDialog::OnToolTipText(UINT, NMHDR*
pNMHDR, LRESULT* pResult)
{
     ASSERT(pNMHDR->code == TTN_NEEDTEXTA || pNMHDR->code
== TTN_NEEDTEXTW);

     // if there is a top level routing frame then let it handle
the message
     if (GetRoutingFrame() != NULL) return FALSE;

     // to be thorough we will need to handle UNICODE versions of
the message also !!
     TOOLTIPTEXTA* pTTTA = (TOOLTIPTEXTA*)pNMHDR;
     TOOLTIPTEXTW* pTTTW = (TOOLTIPTEXTW*)pNMHDR;
     TCHAR szFullText[512];
     CString strTipText;
     UINT nID = pNMHDR->idFrom;

     if (pNMHDR->code == TTN_NEEDTEXTA &&
(pTTTA->uFlags & TTF_IDISHWND) ||
         pNMHDR->code == TTN_NEEDTEXTW
&& (pTTTW->uFlags & TTF_IDISHWND))
     {
          // idFrom is actually the HWND
of the tool
          nID =
::GetDlgCtrlID((HWND)nID);
     }

     if (nID != 0) // will be zero on a separator
     {
          AfxLoadString(nID,
szFullText);
          strTipText=szFullText;

#ifndef _UNICODE
          if (pNMHDR->code ==
TTN_NEEDTEXTA)
          {
               lstrcpyn(pTTTA->szText,
strTipText, sizeof(pTTTA->szText));
          }
          else
          {
               _mbstowcsz(pTTTW->szText,
strTipText, sizeof(pTTTW->szText));
          }
#else
          if (pNMHDR->code ==
TTN_NEEDTEXTA)
          {
               _wcstombsz(pTTTA->szText,
strTipText,sizeof(pTTTA->szText));
          }
          else
          {
               lstrcpyn(pTTTW->szText,
strTipText, sizeof(pTTTW->szText));
          }
#endif

          *pResult = 0;

          // bring the tooltip window
above other popup windows
          ::SetWindowPos(pNMHDR->hwndFrom,
HWND_TOP, 0, 0, 0, 0,SWP_NOACTIVATE|
               SWP_NOSIZE|SWP_NOMOVE|SWP_NOOWNERZORDER);
return TRUE;
     }
}

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