Virtual Developer Workshop: Containerized Development with Docker
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It’s a fairly simple program that has only a fixed quantity of objects with known lifetimes.
In general, your programs will always be creating new objects based on some criteria that will be known only at the time the program is running. You won’t know until run-time the quantity or even the exact type of the objects you need. To solve the general programming problem, you need to create any number of objects, anytime, anywhere. So you can’t rely on creating a named handle to hold each one of your objects:
since you’ll never know how many of these things you’ll actually need.
To solve this rather essential problem, Java has several ways to hold objects (or rather, handles to objects). The built-in type is the array, which has been discussed before and will get additional coverage in this chapter. Also, the Java utilities library has some collection classes (also known as container classes , but that term is used by the AWT so “collection” will be used here) that provide more sophisticated ways to hold and even manipulate your objects. This will comprise the remainder of this chapter.