dcsimg

Easy Navigation Through an Editable List View

WEBINAR:
On-Demand

Desktop-as-a-Service Designed for Any Cloud ? Nutanix Frame


First off, I would like to acknowledge that most of this code came from others at Code Guru. I took code from some of the articles submitted by Zafir Anjum, so look at his article "Editable Subitems" as a basis for this article.

This project demonstrates how the list view/control can be used to edit information in the form of a table (multiple-editable columns). I have captured the Tab, Page Down, Page Up, Up, Down, Home, and End keys to allow easy navigation through the control.

As shown in "Editable Subitems", I subclassed the CEdit control with my class called gxEditCell. Then, I added a new parameter to it's constructor. This new parameter is a pointer to the parent list control so that my edit box could inform the list control of any important events, like a key press. Then when I get a key event, I simply tell the list control which subitem I want to edit next based off the current cell that is being edited. This can be seen in the OnKeyDown function below. As you can see, when I receive the VK_UP key event, I am telling the list control to edit the subitem located directly above the current cell. I check, of course, to see if it is a valid cell first.

The reason I caught some events in the KeyDown, some in the KeyUp, and some in the OnChar, had to do with how the application behaved. If I would have caught the VK_PRIOR or VK_NEXT in the OnKeyDown, I would get several calls depending on how long the button was pressed. This is very annoying. If you don't believe me, move the code, add several items to the list and try it (it isn't pretty).

I also caught the ESC key so that I could cancel an edit. The return key is being used to end an edit and when it is on the last record, it insert a new one. Just don't forget to override the OnGetDlgCode() so that you can get the arrow keys and tabs.



gxEditCell::gxEditCell (gxListCtrl* pCtrl, int iItem, int iSubItem, CString sInitText)
:   bEscape (FALSE)
{
    pListCtrl = pCtrl;
    Item = iItem;
    SubItem = iSubItem;
    InitText = sInitText;
}

void 
gxEditCell::OnKeyDown (UINT nChar, UINT nRepCnt, UINT nFlags) 
{
    // Up and down are in the OnKeyDown so that the user can hold down the arrow
    // keys to scroll through the entries.
    BOOL Control = GetKeyState (VK_CONTROL) < 0;
    switch (nChar)
    {
		case VK_UP :
		{
			if (Item > 0)
				pListCtrl->EditSubItem (Item - 1, SubItem);
			return;
		}
		case VK_DOWN :
		{
			pListCtrl->EditSubItem (Item + 1, SubItem);
			return;
		}
		case VK_HOME :
		{
			if (!Control)
				break;

			pListCtrl->EditSubItem (0, SubItem);
			return;
		}
		case VK_END :
		{
			if (!Control)
				break;

			int Count = pListCtrl->GetItemCount() - 1;
			pListCtrl->EditSubItem (Count, SubItem);
			return;
		}
    }
    
    CEdit::OnKeyDown(nChar, nRepCnt, nFlags);
}

void 
gxEditCell::OnKeyUp (UINT nChar, UINT nRepCnt, UINT nFlags) 
{
    switch (nChar)
    {
		case VK_NEXT :
		{
			int Count = pListCtrl->GetItemCount();
			int NewItem = Item + pListCtrl->GetCountPerPage();
			if (Count > NewItem)
				pListCtrl->EditSubItem (NewItem, SubItem);
			else
				pListCtrl->EditSubItem (Count - 1, SubItem);
			return;
		}
		case VK_PRIOR :
		{
			int NewItem = Item - pListCtrl->GetCountPerPage();
			if (NewItem > 0)
				pListCtrl->EditSubItem (NewItem, SubItem);
			else
				pListCtrl->EditSubItem (0, SubItem);
			return;
		}
    }
    
    CEdit::OnKeyUp (nChar, nRepCnt, nFlags);
}

void 
gxEditCell::OnChar (UINT nChar, UINT nRepCnt, UINT nFlags) 
{
    BOOL Shift = GetKeyState (VK_SHIFT) < 0;
    switch (nChar)
    {
		case VK_ESCAPE :
		{
			if (nChar == VK_ESCAPE)
				bEscape = TRUE;
			GetParent()->SetFocus();
			return;
		}
		case VK_RETURN :
		{
			SetListText();
			pListCtrl->EditSubItem (Item + 1, 0);
			return;
		}
		case VK_TAB :
		{
			if (Shift)
			{
				if (SubItem > 0)
					pListCtrl->EditSubItem (Item, SubItem - 1);
				else
				{
					if (Item > 0)
						pListCtrl->EditSubItem (Item - 1, 2);
				}
			}
			else
			{
				if (SubItem < 2)
					pListCtrl->EditSubItem (Item, SubItem + 1);
				else
					pListCtrl->EditSubItem (Item + 1, 0);
			}
			return;
		}
    }

    CEdit::OnChar (nChar, nRepCnt, nFlags);

    // Resize edit control if needed

    // Get text extent
    CString Text;

    GetWindowText (Text);
    CWindowDC DC (this);
    CFont *pFont = GetParent()->GetFont();
    CFont *pFontDC = DC.SelectObject (pFont);
    CSize Size = DC.GetTextExtent (Text);
    DC.SelectObject (pFontDC);
    Size.cx += 5;			   	// add some extra buffer

    // Get client rect
    CRect Rect, ParentRect;
    GetClientRect (&Rect);
    GetParent()->GetClientRect (&ParentRect);

    // Transform rect to parent coordinates
    ClientToScreen (&Rect);
    GetParent()->ScreenToClient (&Rect);

    // Check whether control needs to be resized and whether there is space to grow
    if (Size.cx > Rect.Width())
    {
		if (Size.cx + Rect.left < ParentRect.right )
			Rect.right = Rect.left + Size.cx;
		else
			Rect.right = ParentRect.right;
		MoveWindow (&Rect);
    }
}

UINT 
gxEditCell::OnGetDlgCode() 
{
    return CEdit::OnGetDlgCode() | DLGC_WANTARROWS | DLGC_WANTTAB;
}

Download demo application - 11 KB

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