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DateTimeCtrl image

Environment:Win95/NT 4.0, UNICODE, VC++ 5.0, IE3.0, IE4.0, WinCE 2.0 and Windows CE Toolkit

The DateTimeCtrl is implemented in the IE3 common controls (v 4.70). Those with MS Visual C++ 5.0 will have this installed and hence will have access to the control, but unfortunately not to a simple MFC wrapper for the control.

This article and the date picker class has been updated to include CE support with the help of Gerrit Hoekstra. Those using VC6 and IE4 have access to this control built into VC IDE, and hence will not need the information in this article.

The CDateTimeCtrl presented here is a simple class that provides an MFC wrapper, as well as a few overridables in order to deal with some of the window messages sent by the control. More info on the DateTime control can be found at Microsoft.

To use the control in a dialog, create a custom control with classname "SysDateTimePick32", and then subclass the control with a member variable of type CDateTimeCtrl. Alternatively, the control can be created at run-time using CDateTimeCtrl::Create. If you create the control using a custom control on dialog template then you can set the value of the controls style using the "Style" edit box in controls Properties edit box.

DateTimeCtrl styles available:

Style Description
DTS_SHOWNONE Allow a NONE selection 
DTS_SHORTDATEFORMAT Use the short date format (app must forward WM_WININICHANGE messages) 
DTS_LONGDATEFORMAT Use the long date format (app must forward WM_WININICHANGE messages)
DTS_TIMEFORMAT Use the time format (app must forward WM_WININICHANGE messages) 
DTS_APPCANPARSE Allow user entered strings (app MUST respond to DTN_USERSTRING) 
DTS_RIGHTALIGN Right-align popup instead of left-align it

    CTime    GetDateTime();
	BOOL     SetDateTime(const CTime& time);    
	COleDateTime GetOleDateTime();                       // Not in CE
	BOOL     SetDateTime(const COleDateTime& time);  // Not in CE
	COLORREF SetMonthCalColour(int nColIndex, COLORREF colour);
	COLORREF GetMonthCalColour(int nColIndex);
	BOOL     SetFormat(LPCTSTR szFmt);
	void     SetMonthCalFont(CFont& font, BOOL bRedraw = TRUE);
	CFont*   GetMonthCalFont();
	BOOL     SetRange(CTime* pMinTime, CTime* pMaxTime);
	DWORD    GetRange(CTime* pMinTime, CTime* pMaxTime);
	BOOL     SetRange(COleDateTime* pMinTime, COleDateTime* pMaxTime);  // Not in CE
	DWORD    GetRange(COleDateTime* pMinTime, COleDateTime* pMaxTime);  // Not in CE

Set and GetDateTime set and retrieve the date and time for the control, SetRange/GetRange set the valid date ranges, and SetFormat sets the date display format (see GetDateFormat and GetTimeFormat for the format of szFmt).

SetMonthCalColour/GetMonthCalColour get and set the colour of the monthcal dropdown. The following values of nColIndex are used to set the different colours:

Value of nColIndex Meaning
MCSC_BACKGROUND The background color (between months)
MCSC_TEXT The dates
MCSC_TITLEBK Background of the title
MCSC_MONTHBK Background within the month cal
MCSC_TRAILINGTEXT The text color of header & trailing days

The following notification messages are used with the DateTimeCtrl.

        Notification        Description
        DTN_DATETIMECHANGE  Signals a change within the DTP control. Must return 0.
        DTN_DROPDOWN        Indicates that the drop-down month calendar is about to be 
        DTN_CLOSEUP         Indicates that the drop-down month calendar is about to be 
        DTN_USERSTRING      Signals the end of a user's edit operation within the control.
                            This notification is sent only by DTP controls that use the 
                            DTS_APPCANPARSE style. Must return 0. 
        DTN_WMKEYDOWN       Signals that the user has pressed a key in a callback field of
                            the DTP control.  Must return 0. 
        DTN_FORMAT          Requests text to display in a portion of the format string 
                            described as a callback field.  Must return 0. 
        DTN_FORMATQUERY     Requests information about the maximum allowable size of the 
                            text to be displayed in a callback field.  Must return 0. 

  To handle illustrate how to handle these messages (and for convenience), a number of virtual functions are included:
	virtual BOOL OnDateTimeChangeNotify(LPNMDATETIMECHANGE dtmh, LRESULT* result);
	virtual BOOL OnDropDown(NMHDR * pNotifyStruct, LRESULT* result);
	virtual BOOL OnCloseUp(NMHDR * pNotifyStruct, LRESULT* result);
	virtual BOOL OnUserString(NMDATETIMESTRING* lpDTstring, LRESULT* pResult);
	virtual BOOL OnKeyDown(NMDATETIMEWMKEYDOWN* lpDTKeystroke, LRESULT* pResult);
	virtual BOOL OnFormat(NMDATETIMEFORMAT* lpNMFormat, LRESULT* pResult);
	virtual BOOL OnFormatQuery(NMDATETIMEFORMATQUERY* lpNMFormat, LRESULT* pResult);

These functions return FALSE to allow the parent window to see the notification message, and TRUE to block it. A final function

	virtual void DoDateTimeChange();
has been provided to handle changes in the date or time of the control.

Download source files or sample project.

NEW: Download the CE demo project by Gerrit Hoekstra.

Last updated: 14 Feb 1999


  • CDateTimeCtrl in VC7.1

    Posted by Legacy on 01/08/2004 08:00am

    Originally posted by: Sandip Shahane

    I am using CDateTimeCtrl.cpp a wrapper class over date time picker control in VC 6.0. While moving my code base to VC 7.1 it gives me following errors in the message map section. How can i fix this.

    DateTimeCtrl.cpp(121) : error C2440: 'static_cast' : cannot convert from 'BOOL (__thiscall CDateTimeCtrl::* )(NMDATETIMEFORMATW *,LRESULT *)' to 'BOOL (__thiscall CCmdTarget::* )(NMHDR *,LRESULT *)'
    None of the functions with this name in scope match the target type

    the code piece is as follows:

    BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CDateTimeCtrl, CWnd)


    Thanks in advance.

    • I encountered this problem also and solved it this way

      Posted by Matthew Sin on 04/06/2004 10:02am

      In the message handler, change the parameter from NMDATETIMEFORMATW* back to NMHDR*, add a variable of type NMDATETIMEFORMATW* and assign the value of parameter to the variable by casting it from NMDATETIMEFORMATW* to NMHDR*. Use the variable instead of the parameter in the handler

  • How disappear arrows the DTP control to modify date values?

    Posted by Legacy on 08/29/2003 07:00am

    Originally posted by: Dmitry

    How disappear arrows the DTP control to modify date values?
    I need that DTP control was in time mode and without arrows.
    DTS_UPDOWN style is not aid. Please, help me.

  • Notification of unhecking the checkbox inside the DateTimeCtrl...

    Posted by Legacy on 07/06/2003 07:00am

    Originally posted by: Tammam de Dragonfly

    if I choose the DTS_SHOWNONE style how can i get a notification if the user disable the DateTimeCtrl by unchecking the small checkbox that appears inside the control

  • Random Font Size

    Posted by Legacy on 01/29/2003 08:00am

    Originally posted by: Chris

    The calandar font size changes randomly when I use cdatetimectrl. Sometimes the calendar will display very large diagonal font making the calendar very large on the display. Has anyone seen this problem or have a fix?

  • accessing cdatetimectrl in browser/html?

    Posted by Legacy on 10/21/2002 07:00am

    Originally posted by: ben


    i want to access a cdatetimectrl-element in the browser window of a mfc application. is there any possibility to create such a ctrl through html code?

    (it is realized this way in the "start->search->search files->search options/date" function in win2000)

    thanks for any help...

  • How to use Callback fields in CDateCtrl?

    Posted by Legacy on 07/02/2002 07:00am

    Originally posted by: Ruthy

    Will appreciate if someone could send an example of using the CDateTimeCtrl with a modified format.
    I need to get Milliseconds in the time format.

  • ExCalendar

    Posted by Legacy on 01/30/2002 08:00am

    Originally posted by: Mike Philips

    If you would like to check, please feel free to download a nice calendar here


  • Help!

    Posted by Legacy on 01/16/2002 08:00am

    Originally posted by: Patricia

    Can you tell me if it is possible to change the color of the text appearing in the edit? The WM_CTCOLOR seems to not work...It is quite easy to change the background color but for the text it seems impossible!
    Is it possible to display the date time control as edit only without spin?


    Posted by Legacy on 11/19/2001 08:00am

    Originally posted by: Ralf Hartmann

    I have changed DTS_APPCANPARSE to true in your example and know i have the problem, that some changes (full replace, character delete or insert) in the edit field are revoked after leaving the field. Maybe this is an knwon bug in my environment (NT 4.0 SP6, VC++ 6.0, SP4). Or is there any additional message which have to be handled?

  • I know..

    Posted by Legacy on 08/02/2001 07:00am

    Originally posted by: seowontae


    I want to display like "2001-08-02" using DateTimepicker control

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