Implementing Rulers inside of Splitter Panes

Environment: -->

Introduction

Many applications that display images or documents show rulers on both sides of the view to indicate your position within the page and allow a more accurate positioning of the cursor. Implementing rulers can be difficult, since we must reserve a space for them inside the view (this gets more difficult on a CScrollView-derived class). Another solution is to use "fixed" splitters (meaning they cannot be resized). The example below demonstrates how to build such rulers.

The code

The code implementing the ruler splitter window and views used for the rulers themselves can be found in ruler.h and ruler.cpp. Below is a sample of how to use them.

Inside the frame window (which can be either a CFrameWnd or CMDIChildWnd-derived class)

// class definition
class CMainFrame : public CFrameWnd
{
[...]
protected:
	DECLARE_FX_RULER(CMainFrame)

The next step is to create the splitter itself and the views. The code below matches a SDI application that accomodates the code above inside a splitter pane, but you can easily adjust it to fit your needs. In the OnCreateClient member of the CMainFrame class, add code to create the splitter inside the right pane:

// class definition
IMPLEMENT_FX_RULER_SPLITTER(<className>, <parentSplitter>, 0, 1, pContext->m_pNewViewClass);

What you have to do next is send notifications to the rulers to let them know about the scroll position change or zoom change. The rulers can also display the mouse position as the cursor moves; this is done also by sending notifications to the rulers with just a few lines of code like:

// class definition
GetDocument()->UpdateAllViews(this, VW_VSCROLL, (CObject*)(GetScrollPosition().y));

Available hint types are (hint parameters are passed as INTs using a cast to CObject*):

VW_HSCROLL View is scrolled horizontally
VW_VSCROLL View is scrolled vertically
VW_HPOSITION Cursor position changed on the x axis
VW_VPOSITION Cursor position changed on the y axis

The code is quite easy to follow and change to meet your needs, but if you need assistance, contact me. Also please send me bugs or updates, to keep this solution up-to-date. For more details on the sample application, contact me.

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Date Last Updated: February 3, 1999