Disabling All Top Level Thread Windows

In my current project I found it nessassary to disable all the top level windows my application created before displaying any modal dialog boxes. This is because although all of these windows are "owned" by my main frame window, they are siblings and running a modal dialog does not prevent user input from reaching those windows. I came up with this brutally simple class that disables all the top level windows of a given thread when constructed and re-enables them when it is destroyed. I thought I would share this with you.


class DisableTaskWindows
{
public:
 DisableTaskWindows()
  { ::EnumWindows(EnumWindowsProc, FALSE); }
 ~DisableTaskWindows()
  { ::EnumWindows(EnumWindowsProc, TRUE); }

private:
 static BOOL CALLBACK EnumWindowsProc(HWND hwnd, LPARAM lParam);
};

BOOL CALLBACK DisableTaskWindows::EnumWindowsProc(HWND hwnd, LPARAM lParam)
{
 if (::GetWindowThreadProcessId(hwnd, NULL) == ::GetCurrentThreadId())
  ::EnableWindow(hwnd, lParam);
 return TRUE;
}

It becomes a little more complicated if you need to specify the thread ID:



class DisableTaskWindows
{
public:
 DisableTaskWindows(DWORD dwThreadID);
 ~DisableTaskWindows();

private:
 static BOOL CALLBACK EnumWindowsProc(HWND hwnd, LPARAM lParam);

 BOOL m_bEnable;
 DWORD m_dwThreadID;
};

BOOL CALLBACK DisableTaskWindows::EnumWindowsProc(HWND hwnd, LPARAM lParam)
{
 if (::GetWindowThreadProcessId(hwnd, NULL) == ((DisableTaskWindows*)lParam)->m_dwThreadID)
  ::EnableWindow(hwnd, ((DisableTaskWindows*)lParam)->m_bEnable);
 return TRUE;
}

DisableTaskWindows::DisableTaskWindows(DWORD dwThreadID)
 : m_dwThreadID(dwThreadID)
{
 m_bEnable = FALSE;
 ::EnumWindows(EnumWindowsProc, (LPARAM)this);
}

DisableTaskWindows::~DisableTaskWindows()
{
 m_bEnable = TRUE;
 ::EnumWindows(EnumWindowsProc, (LPARAM)this);
}

It's very simple to use:


CMyDialog dlg;
{
 DisableTaskWindows dtw;
 - or -
 DisableTaskWindows dtw(AfxGetThread()->m_nThreadID);
 dlg.DoModal();
} // Destroys dtw which re-enables the windows

You could also create a class derived from CDialog, override DoModal and add a DisableTaskWindows object before calling the base class. This would make it even more seemless:



class CDisablingDialog : public CDialog
{
public:
 CDisablingDialog(LPCTSTR lpszTemplateName, CWnd* pParentWnd = NULL)
  : CDialog(lpszTemplateName, pParentWnd) {}

 CDisablingDialog(UINT nIDTemplate, CWnd* pParentWnd = NULL)
  : CDialog(nIDTemplate, pParentWnd) {}

 virtual int DoModal()
 {
  DisableTaskWindows dtw;
  return CDialog::DoModal();
 }
};

There are lot's of combinations you could come up with, but I'll leave that as an excercise for the reader.

Date Last Updated: April 24, 1999