Voice Communication via Network/Internet


This article was contributed by Zhaohui Xing.

Environment: Windows NT4/2000 and Visual C++ 5.0 (and greater)

This is the simplest prototype to demonstrate how to realize a basic Voice Communication via Internet/Network on PC platforms. The technique in this demo can be applied to develop the PC internet voice communication software, such as Internet Phone.

To save development time, I borrowed the idea of Client/Server design in Microsoft MSDN sample "GlabolChat". 

This sample has been tested in a intranet consisted of NT4.0 Server/Workstation and a LAN consisted of Win2000 Professional. The CPUs in the testing PC are at least  Intel P2 266 or faster, and SoundCard, Mic, Speaker are must.

In the tests, it can work smoothly in bi-directions voice talk with the a acceptable sound quality.

The basic system design

This sample contain two modules, Talkserver and Talkclient.

The basic system diagram is like:

System diagram

 

Server Module

Server module has two type sockets, server sockets and client sockets. One server socket supports a certain network protocol and listens the incoming connection with such protocol. When a client connection request comes, the server socket create a client socket to build the link with the client. The client socket works to receive the messages from its client, transit the message to peer client socket, then the peer client socket send the messages to the target client. The client socket also get the messages from the peer   socket and send these message to its client.  

 

Client Module

The user can use the client modules to communicate in voice with each other. The socket in the client is implemented as sending/receiving messages to/from the server.

The method to capture and transit sound data in client module is  building and runing a wave input device, when this wave input device records enough to size of the data buffer in its wave header structure, it notifies client instance. When the client receives the wave input device message, client retrieves the sound data in the wave input device buffer, then encodes the sound data into the voice communication message and sends to the peer (or target) client.

To play a voice message is similar. The client has a wave out device. After the client receive voice message from other client, it decodes the sound data from the message, put the sound data to the wave output device and drives it to play the sound. 

 

Change sound quality

By changing the wave device buffer and wave format type defined in vtDef.h, you can change the sound quality in some kind of levels. 

Downloads

Download the project - 253 Kb