Text areas

Bruce Eckel's Thinking in Java Contents | Prev | Next

A TextArea is like a TextField except that it can have multiple lines and has significantly more functionality. In addition to what you can do with a TextField, you can append text and insert or replace text at a given location. It seems like this functionality could be useful for TextField as well, so it’s a little confusing to try to detect how the distinction is made. You might think that if you want TextArea functionality everywhere you can simply use a one line TextArea in places where you would otherwise use a TextField. In Java 1.0, you also got scroll bars with a TextArea even when they weren’t appropriate; that is, you got both vertical and horizontal scroll bars for a one line TextArea. In Java 1.1 this was remedied with an extra constructor that allows you to select which scroll bars (if any) are present. The following example shows only the Java 1.0 behavior, in which the scrollbars are always on. Later in the chapter you’ll see an example that demonstrates Java 1.1 TextAreas.

//: TextArea1.java
// Using the text area control
import java.awt.*;
import java.applet.*;
 
public class TextArea1 extends Applet {
  Button b1 = new Button("Text Area 1");
  Button b2 = new Button("Text Area 2");
  Button b3 = new Button("Replace Text");
  Button b4 = new Button("Insert Text");
  TextArea t1 = new TextArea("t1", 1, 30);
  TextArea t2 = new TextArea("t2", 4, 30);
  public void init() {
    add(b1);
    add(t1);
    add(b2);
    add(t2);
    add(b3);
    add(b4);
  }
  public boolean action (Event evt, Object arg) {
    if(evt.target.equals(b1))
      getAppletContext().showStatus(t1.getText());
    else if(evt.target.equals(b2)) {
      t2.setText("Inserted by Button 2");
      t2.appendText(": " + t1.getText());
      getAppletContext().showStatus(t2.getText());
    }
    else if(evt.target.equals(b3)) {
      String s = " Replacement ";
      t2.replaceText(s, 3, 3 + s.length());
    }
    else if(evt.target.equals(b4))
      t2.insertText(" Inserted ", 10);
    // Let the base class handle it:
    else 
      return super.action(evt, arg);
    return true; // We've handled it here
  }
} ///:~ 

There are several different TextArea constructors, but the one shown here gives a starting string and the number of rows and columns. The different buttons show getting, appending, replacing, and inserting text.



Comments

  • There are no comments yet. Be the first to comment!

Leave a Comment
  • Your email address will not be published. All fields are required.

Top White Papers and Webcasts

  • Data integrity and ultra-high performance dictate the success and growth of many companies. One of these companies is BridgePay Network Solutions, a recently launched and rapidly growing financial services organization that allows merchants around the world to process millions of daily credit card transactions. Due to the nature of their business, their IT team needed to strike the perfect balance between meeting regulatory-mandated data security measures with the lowest possible levels of latency and …

  • Live Event Date: January 28, 2015 @ 11:00 a.m. ET / 8:00 a.m. PT Check out this upcoming live webcast and join Jeff Sloyer, IBM Developer Evangelist and Master Inventor, for a tutorial for building cloud-based applications. Using IBM's platform as a service, Bluemix, Jeff will show you how to architect and assemble cloud-based applications built for cloud scale. Leveraging the power of microservices, developers can quickly translate monolithic applications to a cloud-based microarchitecture. This hour-long …

Most Popular Programming Stories

More for Developers

RSS Feeds

Thanks for your registration, follow us on our social networks to keep up-to-date