Latest Thinking In Java Articles - Page 4

Class access

In Java, the access specifiers can also be used to determine which classes within a library will be available to the users of that library. If you want a class to be available to a client programmer, you place the public keyword somewhere before the opening brace of the class body. This controls whether the client programmer can even create an object of the class.

Interface and implementation

Access control is often referred to as implementation hiding . Wrapping data and methods within classes (combined with implementation hiding this is often called encapsulation ) produces a data type with characteristics and behaviors, but access control puts boundaries within that data type for two important reasons. The first is to establish what the client programmers can and can’t use. You can build your internal mechanisms into the structure without worrying that the client programmers will think it’s part of the interface that they should be using.

Java access specifiers

The Java access specifiers public , protected and private are placed in front of each definition for each member in your class, whether it’s a data member or a method. Each access specifier controls the access for only that particular definition. This is a distinct contrast to C++, in which the access specifier controls all the definitions following it until another access specifier comes along.

Summary

In any relationship it’s important to have boundaries that are respected by all parties involved. When you create a library, you establish a relationship with the user of that library – the client programmer – who is another programmer, but one putting together an application or using your library to build a bigger library.

Latest Developer Videos

More...

Latest CodeGuru Developer Columns

MFC Integration with the Windows Transactional File System (TxF)

The Transactional File System (TxF), which allows access to an NTFS file system to be conducted in a transacted manner through extensions to the Windows SDK API. MFC 10, has been extended to support TxF and related technologies. This support allows existing MFC applications to be easily extended to support kernel transactions.

Top White Papers and Webcasts

  • Live Event Date: December 11, 2014 @ 1:00 p.m. ET / 10:00 a.m. PT Market pressures to move more quickly and develop innovative applications are forcing organizations to rethink how they develop and release applications. The combination of public clouds and physical back-end infrastructures are a means to get applications out faster. However, these hybrid solutions complicate DevOps adoption, with application delivery pipelines that span across complex hybrid cloud and non-cloud environments. Check out this …

  • Due to internal controls and regulations, the amount of long term archival data is increasing every year. Since magnetic tape does not need to be periodically operated or connected to a power source, there will be no data loss because of performance degradation due to the drive actuator. Read this white paper to learn about a series of tests that determined magnetic tape is a reliable long-term storage solution for up to 30 years.

Most Popular Programming Stories

More for Developers

RSS Feeds