Implementing .NET Security in C#

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Environment: C#, .NET

Since my company, Harrissoft.co.uk, does a lot of .NET consultancy, one of our recent projects required that file i/o access be denied if the user running the application did not have administrator privileges. A lot has been written about the command line utility caspol.exe, however, this can seem a little over the top and quite complex when considering code groups, policy levels and zone management.

I basically wanted to programmatically check whether the user had the relevant permissions by accessing their windows account. Fortunately, .NET provides this through the System.Security.Principal namespace. I also wanted to deny access to particular drives - this is done through the namespace System.Security.Permissions.

Below is a skeleton example, where if the user is not an administrator the contents of a text file cannot be read and displayed in a list box:

try
{
  // By default deny access to the C Drive.....
  CodeAccessPermission UserPermission = 
     new FileIOPermission(FileIOPermissionAccess.AllAccess,@"c:\");

  //Check whether the user is part of the administrator group
  AppDomain.CurrentDomain.SetPrincipalPolicy(PrincipalPolicy.WindowsPrincipal);
  WindowsPrincipal principal = (WindowsPrincipal)Thread.CurrentPrincipal;
  WindowsIdentity identity = (WindowsIdentity)principal.Identity;
  
  bIsAdmin = principal.IsInRole(WindowsBuiltInRole.Administrator);

  //It's not, so deny access to the file
  if(!bIsAdmin)
  {
    UserPermission.Deny();
  }
  else
  {
    //Do the read
    din = ReadTheFile.DoTheRead();
  }

  if(!bIsAdmin)
  {
    //Reset deny permissions in  current stack frame
    CodeAccessPermission.RevertDeny();
  }

  //If we got this far .... we read in the file
  String str;
  
  while ((str=din.ReadLine()) != null) 
  {
    listBox1.Items.Add(str);
  }
}
catch (SecurityException exception)
{
  //Failed to pass the security checks - so flag up error to user 
  listBox1.Items.Add("Permission denied accessing file");
}

The zip download file contains the .NET project so you can build and run this example.

If you have any comments on this article please email: simonharris@harrissoft.co.uk

Downloads

Download demo project - 22 Kb


Comments

  • I did'nt see that

    Posted by Legacy on 06/05/2002 12:00am

    Originally posted by: sdfs

    I did'nt see that

    Reply
  • good , very useful

    Posted by Legacy on 04/29/2002 12:00am

    Originally posted by: Transbuerg Tian

    good , very useful

    Reply
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