.NET Tip: Creating a Collection of Your Objects

One of the new language features introduced with .NET 2.0 was the generic collection. In the past, even as far back as Visual Basic 6.0, you could create a custom collection class for your classes. With .NET 1.0/1.1, you could add objects to standard collection classes like the ArrayList and the Hashtable classes. However, when you looked at the members of those collections, they were not strongly typed and had to be cast back to the original type.

The generic collection allows you to create collections of your objects without having to design a new class. Take, for example, the ValidationError class I created for a previous tip:

public class ValidationError
{
   private string _error;

   public string ErrorMessage
   {
      get { return _error; }
      set { _error = value; }
   }

   public ValidationError(string errorMessage)
   {
      ErrorMessage = errorMessage;
   }
}

If you wanted to create a collection of ValidationError objects, you could put them in an ArrayList. However, using a generic collection as shown in the following snippet requires a bit less overhead:

   List<ValidationError> errors = new List<ValidationError>();

   errors.Add(new ValidationError("Error #1"));
   errors.Add(new ValidationError("Error #2"));
   errors.Add(new ValidationError("Error #3"));
   errors.Add(new ValidationError("Error #4"));

   foreach (ValidationError err in errors)
   {
      Response.Write(err.ErrorMessage + "<br>");
   }

By using the generic List declaration, you create a collection of your custom objects without any extra work. As the snippet shows, you now can loop through the collection and .NET avoids all the extra overhead of converting a generic member of an ArrayList to a ValidationError object.

Several other generic collections are available for other situations. Refer to the help file for more information on this handy new feature.

About the Author

Eric Smith is the owner of Northstar Computer Systems, a web-hosting company based in Indianapolis, Indiana. He is also a MCT and MCSD who has been developing with .NET since 2001. In addition, he has written or contributed to 12 books covering .NET, ASP, and Visual Basic. Send him your questions and feedback via e-mail at questions@techniquescentral.com.



Comments

  • how is this useful ?

    Posted by leonbay on 10/03/2007 11:16pm

    can you show a situation how this can be useful?

    Reply
Leave a Comment
  • Your email address will not be published. All fields are required.

Top White Papers and Webcasts

  • Organizations are increasingly gravitating toward mobile-first application development as they assess the need to revamp their application portfolios to support touch computing and mobility. Consumerization has brought higher expectations for application usability along with the mobile devices themselves. Enterprises are increasingly shifting their new application acquisitions and development efforts toward mobile platforms. With this backdrop, it is natural to expect application platform vendors to invest in …

  • By now you've likely heard of Agile development and building products in small incremental pieces, so you can get real feedback along the way. In fact, you may even be considering using Agile on your next project. But where do you start? Agile can take a lot of forms, such as Scrum or Kanban. Each form has advantages and disadvantages, but both will help your team get the right feedback they need to build great products. Read this white paper to find out which one is right for you.

Most Popular Programming Stories

More for Developers

RSS Feeds

Thanks for your registration, follow us on our social networks to keep up-to-date