Recursive Directory Copying

Using CopyFile and FindFirstFile win32 base API to recursively copy a directory in code.


Environment: Tested on VC6 for 2000 sp3:

I always needed something similar to the xcopy command in code. I finally got around to writing something. This code consists of four functions that reproduce the results of using the following xcopy command:

xcopy /s /e source_directory destination_directory

The win32 CopyFile and FindFirst/NextFile functions are also used. For discerning directories from files the WIN32_FIND_DATA structure are analyzed.

There are a few points to note about the code. Firstly, the FindFirstFile function is used to enumerate through a directories contents (even though it is designed for finding a file if it is given wildcards it can find all files that fit a wildcard—*.* in this example).

tstring tSourceFile, tDestinationFile, tPath = lpszSource;
HANDLE hFind = ::FindFirstFile(tPath.c_str(), 
                               &Fil! eInfo);

Secondly, the WIN32_FIND_DATA structure is analyzed to determine whether the current item is a directory using a mask:

if(FileInfo.dwFileAttributes & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY)

The "." and ".." items exist in all directories and serve the exact purpose they do on the command line. Namely, if you call FindFirstFile with some path ending in "." it will give you a listing of files in the current directory. This is why the "." and ".." are ignored in the recursive helper.


No longer available.


  • There are no comments yet. Be the first to comment!

Leave a Comment
  • Your email address will not be published. All fields are required.

Top White Papers and Webcasts

  • Enterprises are increasingly looking to platform as a service (PaaS) to lower their costs and speed their time to market for new applications. Developing, deploying, and managing applications in the cloud eliminates the time and expense of managing a physical infrastructure to support them. PaaS offerings must deliver additional long-term benefits, such as a lower total cost of ownership (TCO), rapid scalability, and ease of integration, all while providing robust security and availability. This report …

  • Anthony Christie, the Chief Marketing Officer for Level Communications, is responsible for customer experience, worldwide marketing and product management. In this informative asset, he shares his insights into why a private network connection to cloud-bases applications is the right decision for your enterprise. Download now to find out more.

Most Popular Programming Stories

More for Developers

RSS Feeds

Thanks for your registration, follow us on our social networks to keep up-to-date