StatusBar on Dialogs

MFC allows you to easily add status bars to CFrameWnd-derived windows. However, if you want to add a status bar to a dialog, you're going to find the going just a bit more difficult.

Basically, it turned out that I had to dig very deep into the MFC documentation in order to find anything to help me out. One example I found is by ZEKSER Cyril. His techniques works fine, but (IMHO) is not very "clean" since you have to place an invisible static object on the dialog as a kind of placeholder for the status bar. However, I do want to thank him very much for showing me the light at the end of the tunnel.

The technique I came up with works like this: First, you need to develop your dialog (and define its CDialog-based class). Nothing new here so far.

Then, insert the following code into the CDialog::OnInitDialog function (the m_StatBar variable is of type CStatusBarCtrl).

BOOL CMyDlg::OnInitDialog() 

	// Set the icon for this dialog.  The framework does this automatically
	//  when the application's main window is not a dialog
	SetIcon(m_hIcon, TRUE);			// Set big icon
	SetIcon(m_hIcon, FALSE);		// Set small icon
/*		Adding STATUSBAR												*/		

	int nTotWide;		// total width of status bar
	CRect rect;
   	 this->GetWindowRect(&rect); = rect.bottom- 25;
	m_bRvStatOk = m_StatBar.Create(WS_CHILD | WS_BORDER | WS_VISIBLE ,rect,this,
    	if (m_bRvStatOk == NULL)
         		AfxMessageBox ("Status Bar not created!", NULL, MB_OK );
   	//	get size of window, use to configure the status
    	//	bar with four separate parts
	CRect rWin;
   	nTotWide = rWin.right-rWin.left;
	// Make each part 1/4 of the total width of the window.
	m_Widths[0] = nTotWide / 4;
   	m_Widths[1] = nTotWide / 2;
   	m_Widths[2] = nTotWide - m_Widths[0];
   	m_Widths[3] = -1;
	m_StatBar.SetParts( 4, m_Widths); 
	// now lets put some text, different styles into parts of status bar

	m_StatBar.SetText("WITH BORDER.", 0,0);

	//	make the last part owner-drawn, add a bitmap

	m_StatBar.SetText(NULL,3, SBT_OWNERDRAW);

	//	hBmp is a Global Variable of type HBITMAP 	
	hBmp = ::LoadBitmap(AfxGetInstanceHandle(), MAKEINTRESOURCE(IDB_BITMAP1));

/*		End STATUSBAR													*/		

	// TODO: Add extra initialization here
	return TRUE;  // return TRUE  unless you set the focus to a control


The fourth pane of the status bar is owner drawn because it is used to display a bitmap. In order to do this, simply add a message handler for the dialog's WM_DRAWITEM message. Once you've added that function, update it so that when finished it looks like the following.

void CMyDlg::OnDrawItem(int nIDCtl, LPDRAWITEMSTRUCT lpDrawItemStruct) 
	// Draw bitmap in status bar

	HDC hdcMem;		// device context for memory
    	HGDIOBJ hbmOld; 		// old bitmap area we're over-writing
    	BITMAP bm;		// bitmap we're using

    	// Create a compatible DC in memory

	hdcMem = CreateCompatibleDC(lpDrawItemStruct->hDC);
    	// Select the "logo.bmp" bitmap into the DC.
    	hbmOld = ::SelectObject(hdcMem, hBmp);
    	// Get the size of the bitmap
    	::GetObject(hBmp, sizeof(bm), &bm);
    	// Blt the bitmap to the part.

    	lpDrawItemStruct->, bm.bmWidth, bm.bmHeight, 
        	hdcMem, 0, 0,SRCCOPY);

	// Add some text..1st. get bounding rectangle, then position & display text

	char szText[16];
	RECT rText;  // text rectangle
	rText.left = lpDrawItemStruct->rcItem.left+24;  = lpDrawItemStruct->;
	rText.right = lpDrawItemStruct->rcItem.right-20;
	rText.bottom = lpDrawItemStruct->rcItem.bottom;

    	//  add some text after the logo bitmap here

	strcpy(szText,"LOGO");		// text to draw

	SelectObject( lpDrawItemStruct->hDC, GetStockObject( ANSI_VAR_FONT ) );
	::SetBkColor(lpDrawItemStruct->hDC, 0x00c0c0c0);  // set background color
    	ExtTextOut(lpDrawItemStruct->hDC, lpDrawItemStruct->rcItem.left+24, lpDrawItemStruct->, ETO_OPAQUE, &rText, szText,
    	strlen(szText),NULL );		// draw the text in the rectangle rText

	// End adding text.  Reselect the original object into the DC.

    	SelectObject(hdcMem, hbmOld);
    	// Delete the compatible DC. 

Make the following changes to the dialog's header file.

class CMyDlg : public CDialog

// Construction
	CMyDlg(CWnd* pParent = NULL);	// standard constructor
	CStatusBarCtrl	m_StatBar;

Finally, make the following changes to the resource.h file.

// Microsoft Developer Studio generated include file.

#define IDM_ABOUTBOX		0x0010
#define IDC_STATUSBAR           32500

That's it! You now have a status bar at the bottom of your dialog!


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  • how i can add progress bar on the status bar?

    Posted by Legacy on 01/27/2004 12:00am

    Originally posted by: shalu

    I have to add a progress bar on the status bar. My application is dialog based, so i used your code for adding the status bar on my application, but now i have to add progress bar also.

  • how to update the text in the pane

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    Originally posted by: naresh

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  • Code compiles but OnDrawItem not being called

    Posted by Legacy on 07/28/2003 12:00am

    Originally posted by: John Dillon

    I'm trying to add a right-aligned LED into a CStatusBarCtrl and am using this code. Everything compiles fine except that the OnDrawItem method isn't being called for the SBT_OWNERDRAW section.

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    Any ideas?


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  • To Girish and Steve

    Posted by Legacy on 07/11/2002 12:00am

    Originally posted by: Robert Cherenek

    You guys are awesome...

    I added your code Girish and it worked like a charm....

    but what about my resizable dialog? Steve to the rescue....

    BTW, I used the implementation here for the resizeable dialog class from CodeGuru - "Dialog Resize Helper" - from Stephan Keil in the Dialog section - and then Steve's resize stuff. I dropped it in my CDialog::OnSize()like so:

    void CMyDlg::OnSize(UINT nType, int cx, int cy)
    CDialog::OnSize(nType, cx, cy);

    // FIX - don't run through this the first time, or
    // Release version will produce a bug...
    // So, just check for the existence of any DLG item...

    if (GetDlgItem(IDC_LIST3))
    // From Stephan Kriel...

    // Resize Stat-Bar from Steve Maier
    CRect rct;
    int y = cy;

    m_Widths[0] = cx / 4;
    m_Widths[1] = cx / 2;
    m_Widths[2] = cx - m_Widths[0];
    m_Widths[3] = -1;

    y -= rct.Height();
    m_StatBar.SetParts( 4, m_Widths);

    Thanks again,

    Robert Cherenek

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