Generating Debug Bitmaps for DirectX

Introduction

Debugging a DirectX application is not the easiest thing to do. Most times, you're looking for reasons why your image did not display on the screen or why it displayed incorrectly. The following snippet of code should help in your debugging efforts. Cut and paste it to your DirectX program and call it before calling the DirectX Present() method. It will allow you to capture an image of a screen buffer into a bitmap file. Each image is named in a sequential fashion. This will provide a snapshot of exactly what is being presented to the screen.

Notes:
  1. This code assumes you have one back buffer defined.
  2. This code assumes your DirectX device is defined as 'windowed'.
  3. m_rect is the CRect for the associated device window.
//
// This method is used for debugging. It will dump the current
// back buffer surface to a bitmap. This provides a snapshot of
// what is currently ready for presentation.
//
void debug_dump_buffer()
{
   IDirect3DSurface9* pRenderTarget=NULL;
   IDirect3DSurface9* pDestTarget=NULL;
   D3DDISPLAYMODE d3ddisplaymode;

   // sanity checks.
   if (pDirect3DDevice == NULL)
      return;

   // get the render target surface.
   HRESULT hr = pDirect3DDevice->GetRenderTarget(0, &pRenderTarget);
   // get the current adapter display mode.
   hr = pDirect3D->GetAdapterDisplayMode(D3DADAPTER_DEFAULT,
                                         &d3ddisplaymode);
   // create a destination surface.
   hr = pDirect3DDevice->CreateOffscreenPlainSurface(m_rect.Width(),
                         m_rect.Height(),
                         d3ddisplaymode.Format,
                         D3DPOOL_SYSTEMMEM,
                         &pDestTarget,
                         NULL);
   //copy the render target to the destination surface.
   hr = pDirect3DDevice->GetRenderTargetData(pRenderTarget,
                                             pDestTarget);
   //save its contents to a bitmap file.
   file.Format("DX Buffer %d.bmp", ndebug++);
   hr = D3DXSaveSurfaceToFile(file,
                              D3DXIFF_BMP,
                              pDestTarget,
                              NULL,
                              NULL);

   // clean up.
   pRenderTarget->Release();
   pDestTarget->Release();
}


Comments

  • There are no comments yet. Be the first to comment!

Leave a Comment
  • Your email address will not be published. All fields are required.

Top White Papers and Webcasts

  • Rocket Mobile® for IBM i is an enterprise mobile application development and deployment platform for customers who rely on the IBM i system. Rocket Mobile for IBM i enables customers to leave proven applications in-place and rapidly repurpose them into new managed and secure mobile applications. Fast, easy creation of mobile, web, and hybrid mobile applications that deploy to any iOS, Android, or Windows mobile phone or tablet Built-in integration for seamless repurposing of existing IBM i applications …

  • Microsoft® Office 365 is a top choice for enterprises that want a cloud-based suite of productivity/ collaboration applications. With Office 365, you get access to Microsoft™ Office solutions practically anytime, anywhere, on virtually any device. It's a great option for current Microsoft users who can now build on their experience with Microsoft™ solutions while enjoying the flexibility of a cloud-based delivery. But even organizations with no previous investment in Microsoft will find that …

Most Popular Programming Stories

More for Developers

RSS Feeds

Thanks for your registration, follow us on our social networks to keep up-to-date