Truncating Long File Names and Displaying an Ellipses

I've seen a few articles that illustrate different techniques used in order to display an ellipses in the path. However, a simpler approach might be to use the new Shell path function: PathCompactPath.

BOOL PathCompactPath(
 HDC    hDC,
 LPTSTR lpszPath,
 UINT   dx
);
This function truncates a file path to fit within a given pixel width by replacing path components with ellipses.
  • Returns TRUE if successful, or FALSE otherwise.
hDC
Handle to the device context used for font metrics.
lpszPath
Address of the string to be modified.
dx
Width, in pixels, that the string will be forced to fit within.

This function uses the font currently selected in hDC to calculate the width of the text. This function will not compact the path beyond the base file name preceded by ellipses.

Example


#include <windows.h>
#include <iostream.h>
#include "Shlwapi.h"
HDC hdc;  /* display DC handle for current font metrics */ 

void main( void )
{

 // String path name 1.
 char buffer_1[] = "C:\\path1\\path2\\sample.txt";
 char *lpStr1;
 lpStr1 = buffer_1;
	 
 // String path name 2.
 char buffer_2[] = "C:\\path1\\path2\\sample.txt";
 char *lpStr2;
 lpStr2 = buffer_2;
	
 // String path name 3.
 char buffer_3[] = "C:\\path1\\path2\\sample.txt";
 char *lpStr3;
 lpStr3 = buffer_3;

 // String path name 4.
 char buffer_4[] = "C:\\path1\\path2\\sample.txt";
 char *lpStr4;
 lpStr4 = buffer_4;
	
 // Variable to get the return from "PathCompactPath".
 int retval;	
	
 cout << "The un-truncated path is                " << lpStr1 << endl;

 retval = PathCompactPath(hdc,lpStr1,125);
 cout << "The truncated path at 125 pixels is :   " << lpStr1 << endl;

 retval = PathCompactPath(hdc,lpStr2,120);
 cout << "The truncated path at 120 pixels is :   " << lpStr2 << endl;

 retval = PathCompactPath(hdc,lpStr3,110);
 cout << "The truncated path at 110 pixels is :   " << lpStr3 << endl;

 retval = PathCompactPath(hdc,lpStr4,25);
 cout << "The truncated path at  25 pixels is :   " << lpStr4 << endl;
}

Output of Example

The un-truncated path is C:\path1\path2\sample.txt
The truncated path at 125 pixels is : C:\path1\...\sample.txt
The truncated path at 120 pixels is : C:\pat...\sample.txt
The truncated path at 110 pixels is : C:\p...\sample.txt
The truncated path at 25 pixels is : ...\sample.txt


Comments

  • long path tool

    Posted by derikogay on 01/28/2014 05:47am

    Well, you can use Long Path Tool for such problems,it works good I will say.

    Reply
  • Same can be done without shlwapi.dll

    Posted by Legacy on 03/14/2000 12:00am

    Originally posted by: Peter Ritchie

    Both DrawText and DrawTextEx support the DT_PATH_ELLIPSIS flag that allows truncation of a path to fit a specific width (or rectangle) in much the same was a described in this article.

    Reply
  • am i missing something here ?

    Posted by Legacy on 08/02/1999 12:00am

    Originally posted by: Gunnar Bolle

    or isn't that just the help article for PathCompactPath from the MSDN Library ?
    IMO submitting KB or help articles from MSDN library isn't very helpfull - especially if you forget to mention that this function only works with ie 4 installed. (95/NT)

    Reply
Leave a Comment
  • Your email address will not be published. All fields are required.

Top White Papers and Webcasts

  • Live Webinar June 2, 2015 - 11 am PST / 2 pm EST Your organization and brand are increasingly digital today, proliferating across websites, media outlets, social networks, search engines, mobile apps, online marketplaces and more. Each digital touch point not only enhances the value of your brand, but also represents far greater risk for your company. They increase opportunities for brand defamation and data leakage; act as discreet places to conspire and collude; and open the door to new security …

  • This white paper focuses on how to protect and restore Microsoft Exchange data with Veeam. It briefly covers Microsoft Exchange 2013 and Veeam Backup & Replication v8 architecture, after which it focuses on how to handle proper backup, replication and recovery of Exchange in vSphere and Hyper-V environments.

Most Popular Programming Stories

More for Developers

RSS Feeds

Thanks for your registration, follow us on our social networks to keep up-to-date