A New Way to Ping

Environment: VC6, WIN32

   On several occasions I've needed to use the functionality of the TCP ping utility programmatically. On one occasion I actually needed to get the hops count. I know there are numerous examples of using the ICMP interface but Microsoft has stated this interface is subject to change. It's also complicated to understand and program.

In searching the SDK I found the iphlpapi function GetRTTAndHopCount. This was just what I needed, one system function that does what I want. It also doesn't use any of the arcane sockets structures. The SDK documentation gives this description:

BOOL GetRTTAndHopCount(
  IPAddr DestIpAddress,  // destination IP address 
  PULONG HopCount,       // returned hop count
  ULONG MaxHops,         // limit on number of hops to search
  PULONG RTT             // round-trip time
);

Like a lot of the Win32 functions, if the function returns false you call GetLastError() for the specific error, typically a Winsock error. I find that the error returned when a host fails to respond is 11010, which the winsock2.h file describes as WSA_QOS_ADMISSION_FAILURE. This is not very informative (and maybe wrong). I think using the Boolean return is sufficient (they replied or they didn't).

The following is an example of how to use this new function.

#include <iphlpapi.h>
//-----------------------------------------------------------------
void CNewPingDlg::OnPingbutton()
{
int rc;
IPAddr ia;

    UpdateData(TRUE);
    ia = inet_addr (m_ip_address);
    rc = NewPing(ia, (ULONG*)&m_hops_count,(ULONG*)&m_rtt);
    if (rc == 0)
        m_status = "Get RTTL and Hops Succeeded";
    else
        m_status.Format("Host not responding or no route, rc = %d",rc);
    UpdateData(FALSE);
    MessageBeep(1000);
    return;
}
//-------------------------------------------------------------
int NewPing(IPAddr ia, ULONG *hops_count, ULONG *rtt)
{
boolean IsOk;

  IsOk = GetRTTAndHopCount(ia, hops_count,128, rtt); //the iphlpapi call
  if (IsOk == TRUE)	return 0;
  return GetLastError();
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------

    That's it. The only thing I did was hide and hard code the maximum hops to search in this function. More than 128 hops is a long way off, if ever. This function could be easily be put into a separate thread to make an asynchronous version.

Downloads

Download demo project - 28 Kb
Download source - 4 Kb



Comments

Leave a Comment
  • Your email address will not be published. All fields are required.

Top White Papers and Webcasts

  • As virtualization becomes the norm throughout organizations of nearly all sizes, and as more organizations look to private cloud solutions, IT decision makers are increasingly in need of ways to keep storage costs and complexity under control in the face of often-runaway virtual machine (VM) sprawl. Application-aware storage is designed to help achieve these important goals. Read this white paper to learn how application-aware storage allows you to gain VM-level visibility into application performance and …

  • Relying on outside companies to manage your network and server environments for your business and applications to meet the needs and demands of your users can be stressful. This is especially true as many Managed Hosting organizations fail to meet their service level agreements. Read this Forrester total economic impact report and learn what makes INetU different and how they exceed their customers' managed hosting expectations.

Most Popular Programming Stories

More for Developers

RSS Feeds

Thanks for your registration, follow us on our social networks to keep up-to-date