Tip: Accessing the IHTMLDocument Interface of an HTML Frame Within Internet Explorer

When developing applications that embed the IE webbrowser control as an application rendering engine or when developing browser debugging tools, the cross-domain scripting restrictions in the browser can limit the effectiveness of developing those solutions. Sometimes you need to be able to manipulate the contents of an iframe programatically from these tools and using the DOM doesn't work because of the safeguards that the browser has in place to safeguard against cross-domain scripting attacks.

Microsoft provides the following snippet for enumerating the frames within an IHTMLDocument in the following article, How to get the WebBrowser object model of an HTML frame. This is only of limited usefulness since it only demonstrates iterating through all frames and refreshing them. The following snippet shows how to obtain the IHTMLDocument interface for an iframe by its id.

HRESULT getFrameDocumentById(IHTMLDocument2* topLevelDocument,
                             LPOLESTR frameId,
                             IHTMLDocument2** frameDocument)
{
   HRESULT hresult = E_FAIL;
   CComPtr<IOleContainer> container;
   HRESULT hr = topLevelDocument->QueryInterface(IID_IOleContainer,
                                                 (void**)&container);
   if (hr == S_OK) 
   {
      CComPtr<IEnumUnknown> enumerator;
      // Get an enumerator for the frames 
      hr = container->EnumObjects(OLECONTF_EMBEDDINGS, &enumerator);
      if (hr == S_OK) 
      {
         CComPtr<IUnknown> unk;
         ULONG uFetched;
         // Enumerate and refresh all the frames
         for (UINT i = 0; S_OK == enumerator->Next(1, &unk,
              &uFetched); i++) 
         {
            CComPtr<IWebBrowser2> browser;
            // QI for IWebBrowser here to see if we have an embedded
            // browser
            hr = unk->QueryInterface(IID_IWebBrowser2,
                                     (void**)&browser);
            if (hr == S_OK) 
            { 
               CComPtr<IHTMLElement> htmlElement;
               unk->QueryInterface(IID_IHTMLElement,
                                   (void**)&htmlElement);
               CComBSTR id;
               if (SUCCEEDED(htmlElement->get_id(&id)) && id)
               {
                  CComPtr<IDispatch> disp;
                  browser->get_Document(&disp);
                  if (disp != NULL )
                  { 
                     CComPtr<IHTMLDocument2> frameDoc;
                     hr = disp->QueryInterface( IID_IHTMLDocument2,
                                               (void**)&frameDoc);
                        if (hr == S_OK)
                        {
                           if (!wcscmp(id, frameId))
                           {
                              *frameDocument = frameDoc;
                              (*frameDocument)->AddRef();
                              hresult = S_OK;
                              break;
                        }
                     }
                  }
               }
            }
         }
      }
   }
   return hresult;
}

The author maintains a blog at http://www.znsoftware.com with more programming tips, snippets, and software.



Comments

  • There are no comments yet. Be the first to comment!

Leave a Comment
  • Your email address will not be published. All fields are required.

Top White Papers and Webcasts

  • 10 Rules that Make or Break Enterprise App Development Projects In today's app-driven world, application development is a top priority. Even so, 68% of enterprise application delivery projects fail. Designing and building applications that pay for themselves and adapt to future needs is incredibly difficult. Executing one successful project is lucky, but making it a repeatable process and strategic advantage? That's where the money is. With help from our most experienced project leads and software engineers, …

  • IT decision support impacts all aspects of technology management, from governance and strategy to budgets and resource planning. IT decision support effectiveness often falls prey to data-driven challenges that make it difficult to understand the data in context. These challenges: overwhelming data volumes, heterogeneous data types, and growing data complexity. This Forrester Consulting Paper reports the three key findings from their study conducted, on behalf of BDNA, to test the hypothesis that data …

Most Popular Programming Stories

More for Developers

Latest Developer Headlines

RSS Feeds