How to add DMO in DirectShow filter graph

Introduction.


In this article, we'll see how easily we can add a DMO (Echo) to a DirectShow filter graph. As a result, we'll get audio with Echo effect. Installed Windows SDK for 7 on Windows 7 and run GraphEdt.exe. Now, select the menu Graph-->Insert Filters. Filter window will pop up, See the Example below:

In this picture, there is a section named "DMO audio effects". There are some DMOs that we can use to add effect to our audio. In this case, I've picked up the DMO 'Echo'. Now the question is how do I know, my system has the required DMO installed. This problem can be solved if we enemerate system for audio DMOs and then select the desired one if available. The following code section demonstrate how we can enumerate system for DMO.

void EnumAudioDMO()
{
	IEnumDMO* pEnum = NULL;
	HRESULT hr = DMOEnum(
		DMOCATEGORY_AUDIO_EFFECT, // Category
		DMO_ENUMF_INCLUDE_KEYED,  // Included keyed DMOs
		0, NULL,                  // Input types (don't care)
		0, NULL,                  // Output types (don't care)
		&pEnum);

	if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
	{
		CLSID clsidDMO;
		WCHAR* wszName;
		do
		{
			hr = pEnum->Next(1, &clsidDMO, &wszName, NULL);
			if (hr == S_OK) 
			{  
				// Now wszName holds the friendly name of the DMO, 
				// and clsidDMO holds the CLSID. 

				wprintf(L"DMO Name: %s\n", wszName);
				if(wcscmp(wszName, L"Echo") == 0)
				{
					g_clsidDMO = clsidDMO;
					g_bFound = TRUE;
				}
				
				// Remember to release wszName!
				CoTaskMemFree(wszName);
			}
		} while (hr == S_OK);
		pEnum->Release();
	}
}

There is DMOEnum API to scan registry for installed DMOs. Then, checked for Echo DMO. Once It's located then it's class id can be used to insert the DMO into the DirectShow filter graph. DMO can be used in DirectShow based application but we need to provide a DMO wrapper. If we know the class identifier (CLSID) of a specific DMO that we want to use, we can initialize the DMO Wrapper filter with that DMO. In the above code snippet we already got to know the CLSID of the target DMO while enumerating the system for DMO. Follwoing part shows how we can create DMO wrapper and insert the DMO in DirectShow filter graph:

1. Call CoCreateInstance to create the DMO Wrapper filter.
2. Query the DMO Wrapper filter for the IDMOWrapperFilter interface.
3. Call the IDMOWrapperFilter::Init method. Specify the CLSID of the DMO and the GUID of the DMO's category. 4. Finally add the DMO to DirectShow Filter graph.

The following code shows, how we can build a graph with Echo DMO to add echo in audio output:

void BuildFilterGraph()
{
	CoInitialize(NULL);

	IGraphBuilder	*pGraphBuilder = NULL;
	IBaseFilter	*pFilter = NULL;
	IMediaControl	*pMediaControl = NULL;
	IMediaEventEx	*pEvt = NULL;
	
	CoCreateInstance(CLSID_FilterGraph, NULL, CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER, IID_IGraphBuilder, (void **)&pGraphBuilder);

	pGraphBuilder->QueryInterface(IID_IMediaControl, reinterpret_cast(&pMediaControl));
	pGraphBuilder->QueryInterface(IID_IMediaEventEx, reinterpret_cast(&pEvt));

	if(g_bFound)	// If found then add the Echo DMO to the filter graph
	{
		HRESULT hr = CoCreateInstance(CLSID_DMOWrapperFilter, NULL, 
			CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER, IID_IBaseFilter, reinterpret_cast(&pFilter));

		if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
		{
			// Query for IDMOWrapperFilter.
			IDMOWrapperFilter *pDmoWrapper;
			hr = pFilter->QueryInterface(IID_IDMOWrapperFilter, reinterpret_cast(&pDmoWrapper));

			if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
			{     
				// Initialize the filter.
				hr = pDmoWrapper->Init(g_clsidDMO, DMOCATEGORY_VIDEO_EFFECT); 
				pDmoWrapper->Release();

				if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
				{
					// Add the filter to the graph.
					hr = pGraphBuilder->AddFilter(pFilter, L"Echo");
				}
			}
		}
	}

	pGraphBuilder->RenderFile(L"C:\\Test.wmv", NULL);
	
	pMediaControl->Run();

	long evCode; 
	pEvt->WaitForCompletion(INFINITE, &evCode);

	pFilter->Release();
	pGraphBuilder->Release();
}

The following sample code shows, how we can write DirectShow application and add echo to an existing video without modifying the content.

// DMOEnumeration.cpp : Defines the entry point for the console application.
//

#include "stdafx.h"
#include 
#include 
#include 

CLSID	g_clsidDMO;
BOOL	g_bFound;

// Enumerate audio DMO and pick Echo, DMO
void EnumAudioDMO()
{
	IEnumDMO* pEnum = NULL;
	HRESULT hr = DMOEnum(
		DMOCATEGORY_AUDIO_EFFECT, // Category
		DMO_ENUMF_INCLUDE_KEYED,  // Included keyed DMOs
		0, NULL,                  // Input types (don't care)
		0, NULL,                  // Output types (don't care)
		&pEnum);

	if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
	{
		CLSID clsidDMO;
		WCHAR* wszName;
		do
		{
			hr = pEnum->Next(1, &clsidDMO, &wszName, NULL);
			if (hr == S_OK) 
			{  
				// Now wszName holds the friendly name of the DMO, 
				// and clsidDMO holds the CLSID. 

				wprintf(L"DMO Name: %s\n", wszName);
				if(wcscmp(wszName, L"Echo") == 0)
				{
					g_clsidDMO = clsidDMO;
					g_bFound = TRUE;
				}
				
				// Remember to release wszName!
				CoTaskMemFree(wszName);
			}
		} while (hr == S_OK);
		pEnum->Release();
	}
}

void BuildFilterGraph()
{
	CoInitialize(NULL);

	IGraphBuilder	*pGraphBuilder = NULL;
	IBaseFilter		*pFilter = NULL;
	IMediaControl	*pMediaControl = NULL;
	IMediaEventEx	*pEvt = NULL;
	
	CoCreateInstance(CLSID_FilterGraph, NULL, CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER, 
		IID_IGraphBuilder, (void **)&pGraphBuilder);

	pGraphBuilder->QueryInterface(IID_IMediaControl, reinterpret_cast(&pMediaControl));
	pGraphBuilder->QueryInterface(IID_IMediaEventEx, reinterpret_cast(&pEvt));

	if(g_bFound)	// If found then add the Echo DMO to the filter graph
	{
		HRESULT hr = CoCreateInstance(CLSID_DMOWrapperFilter, NULL, 
			CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER, IID_IBaseFilter, reinterpret_cast(&pFilter));

		if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
		{
			// Query for IDMOWrapperFilter.
			IDMOWrapperFilter *pDmoWrapper;
			hr = pFilter->QueryInterface(IID_IDMOWrapperFilter, reinterpret_cast(&pDmoWrapper));

			if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
			{     
				// Initialize the filter.
				hr = pDmoWrapper->Init(g_clsidDMO, DMOCATEGORY_VIDEO_EFFECT); 
				pDmoWrapper->Release();

				if (SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
				{
					// Add the filter to the graph.
					hr = pGraphBuilder->AddFilter(pFilter, L"Echo");
				}
			}
		}
	}

	pGraphBuilder->RenderFile(L"C:\\Test.wmv", NULL);
	
	pMediaControl->Run();

	long evCode; 
	pEvt->WaitForCompletion(INFINITE, &evCode);

	pFilter->Release();
	pGraphBuilder->Release();
}

int _tmain(int argc, _TCHAR* argv[])
{
	g_bFound = FALSE;

	EnumAudioDMO();
	BuildFilterGraph();

	return 0;
}


About the Author

Mufti Mohammed

Small-Talk and Small-Programming working together. My Blog

Comments

  • n00b

    Posted by Walt on 09/09/2012 09:00pm

    Thanks for this post! I've just gotten started with DirectShow. There seems to be very little useful information about DMO filters. This has helped me immensely!

    • Thank you

      Posted by Mufti on 12/23/2012 08:24am

      I'm glad to hear that it helped you. Thanks, Mufti

      Reply
    Reply
Leave a Comment
  • Your email address will not be published. All fields are required.

Top White Papers and Webcasts

  • On-demand Event Event Date: August 27, 2015 With the cloud enabling companies to spin up servers and stand up data stores more quickly, mobile apps can be created faster, reducing the time-to-value. But three major obstacles stand in the way for many organizations: The backlog of app project requests confronting every enterprise regardless of their internal app development capabilities Finding and employing better, faster tools to speed and simplify the process of developing those apps. The emergence of …

  • Lenovo recommends Windows 8 Pro. "I dropped my laptop getting out of the taxi." This probably sounds familiar to most IT professionals. If your employees are traveling, you know their devices are in for a rough go. Whether it's a trip to the conference room or a convention out of town, any time equipment leaves a user's desk it is at risk of being put into harm's way. Stay connected at all times, whether at the office or on the go, with agile, durable, and flexible devices like the Lenovo® …

Most Popular Programming Stories

More for Developers

RSS Feeds

Thanks for your registration, follow us on our social networks to keep up-to-date