Directly Accessing Pixels in a 24-bit Bitmap

Environment: VC5/6, Win9x

This article describes how to display 24-bit (TrueColor) bitmaps which are created during run-time by directly accessing the bitmap's bit image.

The code in this article uses the CDib class, developed by David J. Kruglinski in his book Inside Visual C++, 4th edition. The CDib class is copyrighted by Microsoft, and can be used in your programs as long as you mention their name. The CDib class is included at the end of this document.

1. Create a CDib object, and allocate memory.

This will typically be done in CView::OnInitialUpdate, or some such. It's done in the following way:



	// Create a compatible DC
	CDC* pDC = GetDC();
	ASSERT(pDC);
	CDC dcCompat;
	dcCompat.CreateCompatibleDC(pDC);
	ReleaseDC(pDC);

	// Allocate memory for the bitmap
	m_pDib = new CDib(CSize(XSIZE,YSIZE), // size of the bitmap
					  24);            // bits per pixel
	VERIFY(m_pDib->CreateSection(&dcCompat));	 // allocate memory for bitmap

2. Fill the bitmap data.

You now have a memory region, allocated by Windows, in which you can write the output information. This memory region is accessed from m_pDib->m_lpImage, and contains a series of three-byte (R,G,B) pixels. As an example, you can get a nice rainbow-color image using the following code:


	int x,y;
	BYTE* dibits = m_pDib->m_lpImage;
	for(x=0; x<XSIZE; x++)
		for(y=0; y<YSIZE; y++) {
			*(dibits++) = doc(x,y);               // red
			*(dibits++) = doc(doc.XSize()-x-1,y); // green
			*(dibits++) = doc(x,doc.YSize()-y-1); // blue
		}

Where we used the function doc, defined as follows (intended for bitmaps of size 512x512 pixels, more or less):


BYTE doc(int x,int y) {
	return (BYTE)(sqrt(x*x+y*y)/4);
}

3. Display the bitmap.

From within CView::OnDraw, use the following to display the bitmap:


	m_pDib->Draw(pDC,m_rectDraw.TopLeft(),m_rectDraw.Size());

where m_rectDraw is a logical-coordinate rectangle defining the position in which we want to place the bitmap. The bitmap is shrunk or expanded using the StretchDIBits function so that it will fit into this rectangle.

4. Delete the DIB.

Don't forget to deallocate the CDib object when you're done. The constructor deallocates all memory associate with the DIB, including the memory of the actual image.


	delete m_pDib;

File: CDib.h -- CDib class header file



// cdib.h declaration for Inside Visual C++ CDib class

#ifndef _INSIDE_VISUAL_CPP_CDIB
#define _INSIDE_VISUAL_CPP_CDIB

class CDib : public CObject
{
	enum Alloc {noAlloc, crtAlloc, heapAlloc};
	DECLARE_SERIAL(CDib)
public:
	LPVOID m_lpvColorTable;
	HBITMAP m_hBitmap;
	LPBYTE m_lpImage;  // starting address of DIB bits
	LPBITMAPINFOHEADER m_lpBMIH; //  buffer containing the BITMAPINFOHEADER
private:
	HGLOBAL m_hGlobal; // For external windows we need to free;
	                   //  could be allocated by this class or allocated externally
	Alloc m_nBmihAlloc;
	Alloc m_nImageAlloc;
	DWORD m_dwSizeImage; // of bits -- not BITMAPINFOHEADER or BITMAPFILEHEADER
	int m_nColorTableEntries;
	
	HANDLE m_hFile;
	HANDLE m_hMap;
	LPVOID m_lpvFile;
	HPALETTE m_hPalette;
public:
	CDib();
	CDib(CSize size, int nBitCount);	// builds BITMAPINFOHEADER
	~CDib();
	int GetSizeImage() {return m_dwSizeImage;}
	int GetSizeHeader()
		{return sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) + sizeof(RGBQUAD) * pBMIH->biClrImportant = m_nColorTableEntries;
	ComputeMetrics();
	memset(m_lpvColorTable, 0, sizeof(RGBQUAD) * m_nColorTableEntries);
	m_lpImage = NULL;  // no data yet
}
#endif // _INSIDE_VISUAL_CPP_CDIB

File CDib.cpp -- CDib class definition file


// cdib.cpp
// new version for WIN32
#include "stdafx.h"
#include "cdib.h"

#ifdef _DEBUG
#define new DEBUG_NEW
#undef THIS_FILE
static char THIS_FILE[] = __FILE__;
#endif

IMPLEMENT_SERIAL(CDib, CObject, 0);

CDib::CDib()
{
        m_hFile = NULL;
        m_hBitmap = NULL;
        m_hPalette = NULL;
        m_nBmihAlloc = m_nImageAlloc = noAlloc;
        Empty();
}

CDib::CDib(CSize size, int nBitCount)
{
        m_hFile = NULL;
        m_hBitmap = NULL;
        m_hPalette = NULL;
        m_nBmihAlloc = m_nImageAlloc = noAlloc;
        Empty();
        ComputePaletteSize(nBitCount);
        m_lpBMIH = (LPBITMAPINFOHEADER) new 
                char[sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) + sizeof(RGBQUAD) * m_nColorTableEntries];
        m_nBmihAlloc = crtAlloc;
        m_lpBMIH->biSize = sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER);
        m_lpBMIH->biWidth = size.cx;
        m_lpBMIH->biHeight = size.cy;
        m_lpBMIH->biPlanes = 1;
        m_lpBMIH->biBitCount = nBitCount;
        m_lpBMIH->biCompression = BI_RGB;
        m_lpBMIH->biSizeImage = 0;
        m_lpBMIH->biXPelsPerMeter = 0;
        m_lpBMIH->biYPelsPerMeter = 0;
        m_lpBMIH->biClrUsed = m_nColorTableEntries;
        m_lpBMIH->biClrImportant = m_nColorTableEntries;
        ComputeMetrics();
        memset(m_lpvColorTable, 0, sizeof(RGBQUAD) * m_nColorTableEntries);
        m_lpImage = NULL;  // no data yet
}

CDib::~CDib()
{
        Empty();
}

CSize CDib::GetDimensions()
{	
	if(m_lpBMIH == NULL) return CSize(0, 0);
	return CSize((int) m_lpBMIH->biWidth, (int) m_lpBMIH->biHeight);
}

BOOL CDib::AttachMapFile(const char* strPathname, BOOL bShare) // for reading
{
	// if we open the same file twice, Windows treats it as 2 separate files
	// doesn't work with rare BMP files where # palette entries > biClrUsed
	HANDLE hFile = ::CreateFile(strPathname, GENERIC_WRITE | GENERIC_READ,
		bShare ? FILE_SHARE_READ : 0,
		NULL, OPEN_EXISTING, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, NULL);
	ASSERT(hFile != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE);
	DWORD dwFileSize = ::GetFileSize(hFile, NULL);
	HANDLE hMap = ::CreateFileMapping(hFile, NULL, PAGE_READWRITE, 0, 0, NULL);
	DWORD dwErr = ::GetLastError();
	if(hMap == NULL) {
		AfxMessageBox("Empty bitmap file");
		return FALSE;
	}
	LPVOID lpvFile = ::MapViewOfFile(hMap, FILE_MAP_WRITE, 0, 0, 0); // map whole file
	ASSERT(lpvFile != NULL);
	if(((LPBITMAPFILEHEADER) lpvFile)->bfType != 0x4d42) {
		AfxMessageBox("Invalid bitmap file");
		DetachMapFile();
		return FALSE;
	}
	AttachMemory((LPBYTE) lpvFile + sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER));
	m_lpvFile = lpvFile;
	m_hFile = hFile;
	m_hMap = hMap;
	return TRUE;
}

BOOL CDib::CopyToMapFile(const char* strPathname)
{
	// copies DIB to a new file, releases prior pointers
	// if you previously used CreateSection, the HBITMAP will be NULL (and unusable)
	BITMAPFILEHEADER bmfh;
	bmfh.bfType = 0x4d42;  // 'BM'
	bmfh.bfSize = m_dwSizeImage + sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) +
			sizeof(RGBQUAD) * m_nColorTableEntries + sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER);
	// meaning of bfSize open to interpretation
	bmfh.bfReserved1 = bmfh.bfReserved2 = 0;
	bmfh.bfOffBits = sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER) + sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) +
			sizeof(RGBQUAD) * m_nColorTableEntries;	
	HANDLE hFile = ::CreateFile(strPathname, GENERIC_WRITE | GENERIC_READ, 0, NULL,
		CREATE_ALWAYS, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, NULL);
	ASSERT(hFile != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE);
	int nSize =  sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER) + sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) +
				sizeof(RGBQUAD) * m_nColorTableEntries +  m_dwSizeImage;
	HANDLE hMap = ::CreateFileMapping(hFile, NULL, PAGE_READWRITE, 0, nSize, NULL);
	DWORD dwErr = ::GetLastError();
	ASSERT(hMap != NULL);
	LPVOID lpvFile = ::MapViewOfFile(hMap, FILE_MAP_WRITE, 0, 0, 0); // map whole file
	ASSERT(lpvFile != NULL);
	LPBYTE lpbCurrent = (LPBYTE) lpvFile;
	memcpy(lpbCurrent, &bmfh, sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER)); // file header
	lpbCurrent += sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER);
	LPBITMAPINFOHEADER lpBMIH = (LPBITMAPINFOHEADER) lpbCurrent;
	memcpy(lpbCurrent, m_lpBMIH,
		sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) + sizeof(RGBQUAD) * m_nColorTableEntries); // info
	lpbCurrent += sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) + sizeof(RGBQUAD) * m_nColorTableEntries;
	memcpy(lpbCurrent, m_lpImage, m_dwSizeImage); // bit image
	DWORD dwSizeImage = m_dwSizeImage;
	Empty();
	m_dwSizeImage = dwSizeImage;
	m_nBmihAlloc = m_nImageAlloc = noAlloc;
	m_lpBMIH = lpBMIH;
	m_lpImage = lpbCurrent;
	m_hFile = hFile;
	m_hMap = hMap;
	m_lpvFile = lpvFile;
	ComputePaletteSize(m_lpBMIH->biBitCount);
	ComputeMetrics();
	MakePalette();
	return TRUE;
}

BOOL CDib::AttachMemory(LPVOID lpvMem, BOOL bMustDelete, HGLOBAL hGlobal)
{
	// assumes contiguous BITMAPINFOHEADER, color table, image
	// color table could be zero length
	Empty();
	m_hGlobal = hGlobal;
	if(bMustDelete == FALSE) {
		m_nBmihAlloc = noAlloc;
	}
	else {
		m_nBmihAlloc = ((hGlobal == NULL) ? crtAlloc : heapAlloc);
	}
	try {
		m_lpBMIH = (LPBITMAPINFOHEADER) lpvMem;
		ComputeMetrics();
		ComputePaletteSize(m_lpBMIH->biBitCount);
		m_lpImage = (LPBYTE) m_lpvColorTable + sizeof(RGBQUAD) * m_nColorTableEntries;
		MakePalette();
	}
	catch(CException* pe) {
		AfxMessageBox("AttachMemory error");
		pe->Delete();
		return FALSE;
	}
	return TRUE;
}

UINT CDib::UsePalette(CDC* pDC, BOOL bBackground /* = FALSE */)
{
	if(m_hPalette == NULL) return 0;
	HDC hdc = pDC->GetSafeHdc();
	::SelectPalette(hdc, m_hPalette, bBackground);
	return ::RealizePalette(hdc);
}

BOOL CDib::Draw(CDC* pDC, CPoint origin, CSize size)
{
	if(m_lpBMIH == NULL) return FALSE;
	if(m_hPalette != NULL) {
		::SelectPalette(pDC->GetSafeHdc(), m_hPalette, TRUE);
	}
	pDC->SetStretchBltMode(COLORONCOLOR);
	::StretchDIBits(pDC->GetSafeHdc(), origin.x, origin.y, size.cx, size.cy,
		0, 0, m_lpBMIH->biWidth, m_lpBMIH->biHeight,
		m_lpImage, (LPBITMAPINFO) m_lpBMIH, DIB_RGB_COLORS, SRCCOPY);
	return TRUE;
}

HBITMAP CDib::CreateSection(CDC* pDC /* = NULL */)
{
	if(m_lpBMIH == NULL) return NULL;
	if(m_lpImage != NULL) return NULL; // can only do this if image doesn't exist
	m_hBitmap = ::CreateDIBSection(pDC->GetSafeHdc(), (LPBITMAPINFO) m_lpBMIH,
		DIB_RGB_COLORS,	(LPVOID*) &m_lpImage, NULL, 0);
	ASSERT(m_lpImage != NULL);
	return m_hBitmap;
}

BOOL CDib::MakePalette()
{
	// makes a logical palette (m_hPalette) from the DIB's color table
	// this palette will be selected and realized prior to drawing the DIB
	if(m_nColorTableEntries == 0) return FALSE;
	if(m_hPalette != NULL) ::DeleteObject(m_hPalette);
	TRACE("CDib::MakePalette -- m_nColorTableEntries = %d\n", m_nColorTableEntries);
	LPLOGPALETTE pLogPal = (LPLOGPALETTE) new char[2 * sizeof(WORD) +
		m_nColorTableEntries * sizeof(PALETTEENTRY)];
	pLogPal->palVersion = 0x300;
	pLogPal->palNumEntries = m_nColorTableEntries;
	LPRGBQUAD pDibQuad = (LPRGBQUAD) m_lpvColorTable;
	for(int i = 0; i < m_nColorTableEntries; i++) {
		pLogPal->palPalEntry[i].peRed = pDibQuad->rgbRed;
		pLogPal->palPalEntry[i].peGreen = pDibQuad->rgbGreen;
		pLogPal->palPalEntry[i].peBlue = pDibQuad->rgbBlue;
		pLogPal->palPalEntry[i].peFlags = 0;
		pDibQuad++;
	}
	m_hPalette = ::CreatePalette(pLogPal);
	delete pLogPal;
	return TRUE;
}	

BOOL CDib::SetSystemPalette(CDC* pDC)
{
	// if the DIB doesn't have a color table, we can use the system's halftone palette
	if(m_nColorTableEntries != 0) return FALSE;
	m_hPalette = ::CreateHalftonePalette(pDC->GetSafeHdc());
	return TRUE;
}

HBITMAP CDib::CreateBitmap(CDC* pDC)
{
    if (m_dwSizeImage == 0) return NULL;
    HBITMAP hBitmap = ::CreateDIBitmap(pDC->GetSafeHdc(), m_lpBMIH,
            CBM_INIT, m_lpImage, (LPBITMAPINFO) m_lpBMIH, DIB_RGB_COLORS);
    ASSERT(hBitmap != NULL);
    return hBitmap;
}

BOOL CDib::Compress(CDC* pDC, BOOL bCompress /* = TRUE */)
{
	// 1. makes GDI bitmap from existing DIB
	// 2. makes a new DIB from GDI bitmap with compression
	// 3. cleans up the original DIB
	// 4. puts the new DIB in the object
	if((m_lpBMIH->biBitCount != 4) && (m_lpBMIH->biBitCount != 8)) return FALSE;
		// compression supported only for 4 bpp and 8 bpp DIBs
	if(m_hBitmap) return FALSE; // can't compress a DIB Section!
	TRACE("Compress: original palette size = %d\n", m_nColorTableEntries); 
	HDC hdc = pDC->GetSafeHdc();
	HPALETTE hOldPalette = ::SelectPalette(hdc, m_hPalette, FALSE);
	HBITMAP hBitmap;  // temporary
	if((hBitmap = CreateBitmap(pDC)) == NULL) return FALSE;
	int nSize = sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) + sizeof(RGBQUAD) * m_nColorTableEntries;
	LPBITMAPINFOHEADER lpBMIH = (LPBITMAPINFOHEADER) new char[nSize];
	memcpy(lpBMIH, m_lpBMIH, nSize);  // new header
	if(bCompress) {
		switch (lpBMIH->biBitCount) {
		case 4:
			lpBMIH->biCompression = BI_RLE4;
			break;
		case 8:
			lpBMIH->biCompression = BI_RLE8;
			break;
		default:
			ASSERT(FALSE);
		}
		// calls GetDIBits with null data pointer to get size of compressed DIB
		if(!::GetDIBits(pDC->GetSafeHdc(), hBitmap, 0, (UINT) lpBMIH->biHeight,
						NULL, (LPBITMAPINFO) lpBMIH, DIB_RGB_COLORS)) {
			AfxMessageBox("Unable to compress this DIB");
			// probably a problem with the color table
	 		::DeleteObject(hBitmap);
			delete [] lpBMIH;
			::SelectPalette(hdc, hOldPalette, FALSE);
			return FALSE; 
		}
		if (lpBMIH->biSizeImage == 0) {
			AfxMessageBox("Driver can't do compression");
	 		::DeleteObject(hBitmap);
			delete [] lpBMIH;
			::SelectPalette(hdc, hOldPalette, FALSE);
			return FALSE; 
		}
		else {
			m_dwSizeImage = lpBMIH->biSizeImage;
		}
	}
	else {
		lpBMIH->biCompression = BI_RGB; // decompress
		// figure the image size from the bitmap width and height
		DWORD dwBytes = ((DWORD) lpBMIH->biWidth * lpBMIH->biBitCount) / 32;
		if(((DWORD) lpBMIH->biWidth * lpBMIH->biBitCount) % 32) {
			dwBytes++;
		}
		dwBytes *= 4;
		m_dwSizeImage = dwBytes * lpBMIH->biHeight; // no compression
		lpBMIH->biSizeImage = m_dwSizeImage;
	} 
	// second GetDIBits call to make DIB
	LPBYTE lpImage = (LPBYTE) new char[m_dwSizeImage];
	VERIFY(::GetDIBits(pDC->GetSafeHdc(), hBitmap, 0, (UINT) lpBMIH->biHeight,
    		lpImage, (LPBITMAPINFO) lpBMIH, DIB_RGB_COLORS));
    TRACE("dib successfully created - height = %d\n", lpBMIH->biHeight);
	::DeleteObject(hBitmap);
	Empty();
	m_nBmihAlloc = m_nImageAlloc = crtAlloc;
	m_lpBMIH = lpBMIH;
	m_lpImage = lpImage;
	ComputeMetrics();
	ComputePaletteSize(m_lpBMIH->biBitCount);
	MakePalette();
	::SelectPalette(hdc, hOldPalette, FALSE);
	TRACE("Compress: new palette size = %d\n", m_nColorTableEntries); 
	return TRUE;
}

BOOL CDib::Read(CFile* pFile)
{
	// 1. read file header to get size of info hdr + color table
	// 2. read info hdr (to get image size) and color table
	// 3. read image
	// can't use bfSize in file header
	Empty();
	int nCount, nSize;
	BITMAPFILEHEADER bmfh;
	try {
		nCount = pFile->Read((LPVOID) &bmfh, sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER));
		if(nCount != sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER)) {
			throw new CException;
		}
		if(bmfh.bfType != 0x4d42) {
			throw new CException;
		}
		nSize = bmfh.bfOffBits - sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER);
		m_lpBMIH = (LPBITMAPINFOHEADER) new char[nSize];
		m_nBmihAlloc = m_nImageAlloc = crtAlloc;
		nCount = pFile->Read(m_lpBMIH, nSize); // info hdr & color table
		ComputeMetrics();
		ComputePaletteSize(m_lpBMIH->biBitCount);
		MakePalette();
		m_lpImage = (LPBYTE) new char[m_dwSizeImage];
		nCount = pFile->Read(m_lpImage, m_dwSizeImage); // image only
	}
	catch(CException* pe) {
		AfxMessageBox("Read error");
		pe->Delete();
		return FALSE;
	}
	return TRUE;
}

BOOL CDib::ReadSection(CFile* pFile, CDC* pDC /* = NULL */)
{
	// new function reads BMP from disk and creates a DIB section
	//    allows modification of bitmaps from disk
	// 1. read file header to get size of info hdr + color table
	// 2. read info hdr (to get image size) and color table
	// 3. create DIB section based on header parms
	// 4. read image into memory that CreateDibSection allocates
	Empty();
	int nCount, nSize;
	BITMAPFILEHEADER bmfh;
	try {
		nCount = pFile->Read((LPVOID) &bmfh, sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER));
		if(nCount != sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER)) {
			throw new CException;
		}
		if(bmfh.bfType != 0x4d42) {
			throw new CException;
		}
		nSize = bmfh.bfOffBits - sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER);
		m_lpBMIH = (LPBITMAPINFOHEADER) new char[nSize];
		m_nBmihAlloc = crtAlloc;
		m_nImageAlloc = noAlloc;
		nCount = pFile->Read(m_lpBMIH, nSize); // info hdr & color table
		if(m_lpBMIH->biCompression != BI_RGB) {
			throw new CException;
		}
		ComputeMetrics();
		ComputePaletteSize(m_lpBMIH->biBitCount);
		MakePalette();
		UsePalette(pDC);
		m_hBitmap = ::CreateDIBSection(pDC->GetSafeHdc(), (LPBITMAPINFO) m_lpBMIH,
			DIB_RGB_COLORS,	(LPVOID*) &m_lpImage, NULL, 0);
		ASSERT(m_lpImage != NULL);
		nCount = pFile->Read(m_lpImage, m_dwSizeImage); // image only
	}
	catch(CException* pe) {
		AfxMessageBox("ReadSection error");
		pe->Delete();
		return FALSE;
	}
	return TRUE;
}

BOOL CDib::Write(CFile* pFile)
{
	BITMAPFILEHEADER bmfh;
	bmfh.bfType = 0x4d42;  // 'BM'
	int nSizeHdr = sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) + sizeof(RGBQUAD) * m_nColorTableEntries;
	bmfh.bfSize = 0;
//	bmfh.bfSize = sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER) + nSizeHdr + m_dwSizeImage;
	// meaning of bfSize open to interpretation (bytes, words, dwords?) -- we won't use it
	bmfh.bfReserved1 = bmfh.bfReserved2 = 0;
	bmfh.bfOffBits = sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER) + sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) +
			sizeof(RGBQUAD) * m_nColorTableEntries;	
	try {
		pFile->Write((LPVOID) &bmfh, sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER));
		pFile->Write((LPVOID) m_lpBMIH,  nSizeHdr);
		pFile->Write((LPVOID) m_lpImage, m_dwSizeImage);
	}
	catch(CException* pe) {
		pe->Delete();
		AfxMessageBox("write error");
		return FALSE;
	}
	return TRUE;
}

void CDib::Serialize(CArchive& ar)
{
	DWORD dwPos;
	dwPos = ar.GetFile()->GetPosition();
	TRACE("CDib::Serialize -- pos = %d\n", dwPos);
	ar.Flush();
	dwPos = ar.GetFile()->GetPosition();
	TRACE("CDib::Serialize -- pos = %d\n", dwPos);
	if(ar.IsStoring()) {
		Write(ar.GetFile());
	}
	else {
		Read(ar.GetFile());
	}
}

// helper functions
void CDib::ComputePaletteSize(int nBitCount)
{
	if((m_lpBMIH == NULL) || (m_lpBMIH->biClrUsed == 0)) {
		switch(nBitCount) {
			case 1:
				m_nColorTableEntries = 2;
				break;
			case 4:
				m_nColorTableEntries = 16;
				break;
			case 8:
				m_nColorTableEntries = 256;
				break;
			case 16:
			case 24:
			case 32:
				m_nColorTableEntries = 0;
				break;
			default:
				ASSERT(FALSE);
		}
	}
	else {
		m_nColorTableEntries = m_lpBMIH->biClrUsed;
	}
	ASSERT((m_nColorTableEntries >= 0) && (m_nColorTableEntries <= 256)); 
}

void CDib::ComputeMetrics()
{
	if(m_lpBMIH->biSize != sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER)) {
		TRACE("Not a valid Windows bitmap -- probably an OS/2 bitmap\n");
		throw new CException;
	}
	m_dwSizeImage = m_lpBMIH->biSizeImage;
	if(m_dwSizeImage == 0) {
		DWORD dwBytes = ((DWORD) m_lpBMIH->biWidth * m_lpBMIH->biBitCount) / 32;
		if(((DWORD) m_lpBMIH->biWidth * m_lpBMIH->biBitCount) % 32) {
			dwBytes++;
		}
		dwBytes *= 4;
		m_dwSizeImage = dwBytes * m_lpBMIH->biHeight; // no compression
	}
	m_lpvColorTable = (LPBYTE) m_lpBMIH + sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER);
}

void CDib::Empty()
{
	// this is supposed to clean up whatever is in the DIB
	DetachMapFile();
	if(m_nBmihAlloc == crtAlloc) {
		delete [] m_lpBMIH;
	}
	else if(m_nBmihAlloc == heapAlloc) {
		::GlobalUnlock(m_hGlobal);
		::GlobalFree(m_hGlobal);
	}
	if(m_nImageAlloc == crtAlloc) delete [] m_lpImage;
	if(m_hPalette != NULL) ::DeleteObject(m_hPalette);
	if(m_hBitmap != NULL) ::DeleteObject(m_hBitmap);
	m_nBmihAlloc = m_nImageAlloc = noAlloc;
	m_hGlobal = NULL;
	m_lpBMIH = NULL;
	m_lpImage = NULL;
	m_lpvColorTable = NULL;
	m_nColorTableEntries = 0;
	m_dwSizeImage = 0;
	m_lpvFile = NULL;
	m_hMap = NULL;
	m_hFile = NULL;
	m_hBitmap = NULL;
	m_hPalette = NULL;
}

void CDib::DetachMapFile()
{
	if(m_hFile == NULL) return;
	::UnmapViewOfFile(m_lpvFile);
	::CloseHandle(m_hMap);
	::CloseHandle(m_hFile);
	m_hFile = NULL;
}

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  • Live Event Date: November 20, 2014 @ 2:00 p.m. ET / 11:00 a.m. PT Are you wanting to target two or more platforms such as iOS, Android, and/or Windows? You are not alone. 90% of enterprises today are targeting two or more platforms. Attend this eSeminar to discover how mobile app developers can rely on one IDE to create applications across platforms and approaches (web, native, and/or hybrid), saving time, money, and effort and introducing apps to market faster. You'll learn the trade-offs for gaining long …

  • Live Event Date: October 29, 2014 @ 11:00 a.m. ET / 8:00 a.m. PT Are you interested in building a cognitive application using the power of IBM Watson? Need a platform that provides speed and ease for rapidly deploying this application? Join Chris Madison, Watson Solution Architect, as he walks through the process of building a Watson powered application on IBM Bluemix. Chris will talk about the new Watson Services just released on IBM bluemix, but more importantly he will do a step by step cognitive …

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