Easy creation of Excel Sheets using only the ODBC

Problem

Many apps fancy an export function. So wouldn4t it be nice to be able to easily save that result you4ve got there as an Excel sheet?
ODBC does make this possible, but there4s one little drawback: Using ODBC the usual way there has to be a registered datasource (DSN) in the ODBC manager.
This is not very useful because you4d have to install that DSN locally on every machine that should support your export function.

Solution

Omiting the DSN tag in the connect string of CDatabase:OpenEx() gives us the opportunity to refer the ODBC-Driver directly using its name so we don4t have to have a DSN registered.
This, of course, implies that the name of the ODBC-Driver is exactly known.

If you just want to test if a certain driver is present (to show the supported extensions in the CFileOpenDlg for example) just try to CDatabase:OpenEx() it.
If it isn4t installed an exception gets thrown.

To create and write to that Excel sheet you simply use SQL as shown in the code sample below.

Needed

In order to get the code below going you have to

  1. have <afxdb.h> included
  2. have an installed ODBC-driver called "MICROSOFT EXCEL DRIVER (*.XLS)"
Source code

// this example creates the Excel file C:\DEMO.XLS, puts in a worksheet with two
// columns (one text the other numeric) an appends three no-sense records.   
//  
void MyDemo::Put2Excel()
{
  CDatabase database;
  CString sDriver = "MICROSOFT EXCEL DRIVER (*.XLS)"; // exactly the same name as in the ODBC-Manager
  CString sExcelFile = "c:\\demo.xls";                // Filename and path for the file to be created
  CString sSql;
    
  TRY
  {
    // Build the creation string for access without DSN
       
    sSql.Format("DRIVER={%s};DSN='';FIRSTROWHASNAMES=1;READONLY=FALSE;CREATE_DB=\"%s\";DBQ=%s", sDriver,sExcelFile,sExcelFile);

    // Create the database (i.e. Excel sheet)
    if( database.OpenEx(sSql,CDatabase::noOdbcDialog) )
    {
      // Create table structure
      sSql = "CREATE TABLE demo (Name TEXT,Age NUMBER)";
      database.ExecuteSQL(sSql);

      // Insert data
      sSql = "INSERT INTO demo (Name,Age) VALUES ('Bruno Brutalinsky',45)";
      database.ExecuteSQL(sSql);

      sSql = "INSERT INTO demo (Name,Age) VALUES ('Fritz Pappenheimer',30)";
      database.ExecuteSQL(sSql);

      sSql = "INSERT INTO demo (Name,Age) VALUES ('Hella Wahnsinn',28)";
      database.ExecuteSQL(sSql);
    }      

    // Close database
    database.Close();
  }
  CATCH_ALL(e)
  {
    TRACE1("Driver not installed: %s",sDriver);
  }
  END_CATCH_ALL;
}



Comments

  • There are no comments yet. Be the first to comment!

Leave a Comment
  • Your email address will not be published. All fields are required.

Top White Papers and Webcasts

  • Who can you trust? Learn from the IBM X-Force team in this new quarterly report how the Internet of Things and IP reputation tracking are transforming the security landscape.

  • The 2014 State of DevOps Report — based on a survey of 9,200+ people in IT operations, software development and technology management roles in 110 countries — reveals: Companies with high-performing IT organizations are twice as likely to exceed their profitability, market share and productivity goals. IT performance improves with DevOps maturity, and strongly correlates with well-known DevOps practices. Job satisfaction is the No. 1 predictor of performance against organizational …

Most Popular Programming Stories

More for Developers

RSS Feeds

Thanks for your registration, follow us on our social networks to keep up-to-date