Easy creation of Excel Sheets using only the ODBC

Problem

Many apps fancy an export function. So wouldn4t it be nice to be able to easily save that result you4ve got there as an Excel sheet?
ODBC does make this possible, but there4s one little drawback: Using ODBC the usual way there has to be a registered datasource (DSN) in the ODBC manager.
This is not very useful because you4d have to install that DSN locally on every machine that should support your export function.

Solution

Omiting the DSN tag in the connect string of CDatabase:OpenEx() gives us the opportunity to refer the ODBC-Driver directly using its name so we don4t have to have a DSN registered.
This, of course, implies that the name of the ODBC-Driver is exactly known.

If you just want to test if a certain driver is present (to show the supported extensions in the CFileOpenDlg for example) just try to CDatabase:OpenEx() it.
If it isn4t installed an exception gets thrown.

To create and write to that Excel sheet you simply use SQL as shown in the code sample below.

Needed

In order to get the code below going you have to

  1. have <afxdb.h> included
  2. have an installed ODBC-driver called "MICROSOFT EXCEL DRIVER (*.XLS)"
Source code

// this example creates the Excel file C:\DEMO.XLS, puts in a worksheet with two
// columns (one text the other numeric) an appends three no-sense records.   
//  
void MyDemo::Put2Excel()
{
  CDatabase database;
  CString sDriver = "MICROSOFT EXCEL DRIVER (*.XLS)"; // exactly the same name as in the ODBC-Manager
  CString sExcelFile = "c:\\demo.xls";                // Filename and path for the file to be created
  CString sSql;
    
  TRY
  {
    // Build the creation string for access without DSN
       
    sSql.Format("DRIVER={%s};DSN='';FIRSTROWHASNAMES=1;READONLY=FALSE;CREATE_DB=\"%s\";DBQ=%s", sDriver,sExcelFile,sExcelFile);

    // Create the database (i.e. Excel sheet)
    if( database.OpenEx(sSql,CDatabase::noOdbcDialog) )
    {
      // Create table structure
      sSql = "CREATE TABLE demo (Name TEXT,Age NUMBER)";
      database.ExecuteSQL(sSql);

      // Insert data
      sSql = "INSERT INTO demo (Name,Age) VALUES ('Bruno Brutalinsky',45)";
      database.ExecuteSQL(sSql);

      sSql = "INSERT INTO demo (Name,Age) VALUES ('Fritz Pappenheimer',30)";
      database.ExecuteSQL(sSql);

      sSql = "INSERT INTO demo (Name,Age) VALUES ('Hella Wahnsinn',28)";
      database.ExecuteSQL(sSql);
    }      

    // Close database
    database.Close();
  }
  CATCH_ALL(e)
  {
    TRACE1("Driver not installed: %s",sDriver);
  }
  END_CATCH_ALL;
}



Comments

  • There are no comments yet. Be the first to comment!

Leave a Comment
  • Your email address will not be published. All fields are required.

Top White Papers and Webcasts

  • On-demand Event Event Date: February 12, 2015 The evolution of systems engineering with the SysML modeling language has resulted in improved requirements specification, better architectural definition, and better hand-off to downstream engineering. Agile methods have proven successful in the software domain, but how can these methods be applied to systems engineering? Check out this webcast and join Bruce Powel Douglass, author of Real-Time Agility, as he discusses how agile methods have had a tremendous …

  • Companies undertaking an IT project need to find the right balance between cost and functionality. It's important to start by determining whether to build a solution from scratch, buy an out-of-the-box solution, or a combination of both. In reality, most projects will require some system tailoring to meet business requirements. Decision-makers must understand how much software development is enough and craft a detailed implementation plan to ensure the project's success. This white paper examines the different …

Most Popular Programming Stories

More for Developers

RSS Feeds

Thanks for your registration, follow us on our social networks to keep up-to-date