Adding a drop arrow to a toolbar button

.
If you are interested in more articles written by Kirk Stowell, you can click here to visit his home page.

If you wanted to add a drop menu like the ones seen in internet explorer, it is pretty straight forward. This approach for will work for both Visual C++ 5 and 6, however you may want to read up on the enhancements to the toolbar class for VC 6.0.

First off, after your toolbar has been created in CMainFrame::OnCreate(), you will need to make a call to the following method:


	m_wndToolBar.GetToolBarCtrl().SetExtendedStyle(TBSTYLE_EX_DRAWDDARROWS);

This will enable your toolbar to handle drop arrows. The next thing you will need to do, is to actually add the drop arrow to your desired button. This will be done via the SetButtonStyle() method:


	DWORD dwStyle = m_wndToolBar.GetButtonStyle(m_wndToolBar.CommandToIndex(ID_FILE_OPEN));
	dwStyle |= TBSTYLE_DROPDOWN;
	m_wndToolBar.SetButtonStyle(m_wndToolBar.CommandToIndex(ID_FILE_OPEN), dwStyle);

Now, you will need to add a message handler for the drop arrow, as well a menu to the application resources. Assuming you already know how to create a menu, ( if not, click on the resource tab, select the resource name ie: MyApp Resources, then right click. Select insert, then select Menu, then press the New button ) and assuming that the resource id for our menu is IDR_MENU1, add the following code to CMainFrame's message map:


BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CMainFrame, CMDIFrameWnd)
	//{{AFX_MSG_MAP(CMainFrame)
	...
	ON_NOTIFY(TBN_DROPDOWN, AFX_IDW_TOOLBAR, OnToolbarDropDown)
	//}}AFX_MSG_MAP
END_MESSAGE_MAP()

Add the following method to CMainFrame's .cpp file:


void CMainFrame::OnToolbarDropDown(NMTOOLBAR* pnmtb, LRESULT *plr)
{
	CWnd *pWnd;
	UINT nID;

	// Switch on button command id's.
	switch (pnmtb->iItem)
	{
	case ID_FILE_OPEN:
		pWnd = &m_wndToolBar;
		nID  = IDR_MENU1;
		break;
	default:
		return;
	}
	
	// load and display popup menu
	CMenu menu;
	menu.LoadMenu(nID);
	CMenu* pPopup = menu.GetSubMenu(0);
	ASSERT(pPopup);
	
	CRect rc;
	pWnd->SendMessage(TB_GETRECT, pnmtb->iItem, (LPARAM)&rc);
	pWnd->ClientToScreen(&rc);
	
	pPopup->TrackPopupMenu( TPM_LEFTALIGN | TPM_LEFTBUTTON | TPM_VERTICAL,
		rc.left, rc.bottom, this, &rc);
}

Then add the following to CMainFrame's .h file:


	//{{AFX_MSG(CMainFrame)
	...
	afx_msg void OnToolbarDropDown(NMTOOLBAR* pnmh, LRESULT* plRes);
	//}}AFX_MSG

Download demo project - (28 KB)

Last updated December 21, 1998



Comments

  • There are no comments yet. Be the first to comment!

  • You must have javascript enabled in order to post comments.

Leave a Comment
  • Your email address will not be published. All fields are required.

Top White Papers and Webcasts

  • Live Event Date: April 21, 2015 @ 1:00 p.m. ET / 10:00 a.m. PT For mid-sized companies, the challenge of serving people and providing better service is forcing a re-evaluation of their contact centers to improve customer experiences. While these growing enterprises are driving much of the market's innovation, they must remain nimble in how they operate, and be very responsive to customer needs. This upcoming eSeminar reveals five ways mid-size organizations can gain needed agility and examines how delivering …

  • At present, the most commonly deployed parallel file system is Lustre, and its adoption is growing across the HPC industry. According to Intersect 360 Research, "Through its leadership and involvement with OpenSFS, Cray advocates for the development of features that drive efficient performance at scale." Moreover, with help from Cray and OpenSFS, Lustre is gaining greater adoption across broader commercial application categories. As data and I/O requirements grow in commercial markets, technology vendors -- …

Most Popular Programming Stories

More for Developers

RSS Feeds

Thanks for your registration, follow us on our social networks to keep up-to-date