WTL - Button Menu

Environment:Visual C++ 6, Windows Template Library (WTL)

DevStudio's Tools|Customize menu displays a dialog box that contains a button control with an arrow on it. When pressed, the button will display a drop-down menu. I needed this feature in my ATL applications, but didn't want the overhead of MFC or the headache of Win32. So I borrowed from Norm Almond's excellent example of Cool Push Menu Button and ported it to WTL, simplifying it's functionality along the way. I'm not implying anything was wrong with what Norm developed...the control just did more than I needed it to. I will eventually port his entire control to WTL, when time allows.

Caveats

CButtonMenu is derived from CButtonMenuImpl. To draw the arrow on the button, CButtonMenuImpl needs to have the BS_OWNERDRAW style set. However, this will send the WM_DRAWITEM msg to the parent of the CButtonMenuImpl, and not the CButtonMenuImpl itself. By subclassing the parent HWND, the CButtonMenuImpl can hijack the msg and handle it alone. To do this, the CButtonMenuImpl has a private member CContainedWindow variable that subclasses the parent. Then, using the ALT_MSG_MAP() macro, we can catch the msg:

class CButtonMenuImpl : ...
{
CContainedWindow m_Parent;
public:
 CButtonMenuImpl():
 m_Parent(this,1){}

 //...

protected:
 typedef CWindowImpl<T, TBase, TWinTraits> baseClass;
 BEGIN_MSG_MAP(CButtonMenuImpl)
 //other msgs
 ALT_MSG_MAP(1)
 MESSAGE_HANDLER(WM_DRAWITEM, OnDrawItem)
 END_MSG_MAP()
 //{other code}
};
Finally, to make simple use of this control, CButtonMenu provides an operator overload:
class CButtonMenu : public CButtonMenuImpl<CButtonMenu>
{
public:
 DECLARE_WND_SUPERCLASS(_T("WTL_CButtonMenu"), GetWndClassName())
 //ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ
 CButtonMenu& operator=(HWND hWnd)
 {
  if ( m_hWnd )
   DestroyWindow();

  if ( ::IsWindow(hWnd) )
   SubclassWindow(hWnd);

  return *this;
 }
};
Here's an example of how to initialize a CButtonMenu with a button already on a dialog:
// Member variable of dialog
CButtonMenu btnMenu;		

// Somewhere in WM_INITDIALOG handler
btnMenu = GetDlgItem(IDC_BTN_ABOUT);
btnMenu.AddMenuItem(IDC_MNU_ONE,"Windows");
btnMenu.AddMenuItem(IDC_MNU_TWO,"Template");
btnMenu.AddMenuItem(IDC_MNU_THREE,"",MF_SEPARATOR);
btnMenu.AddMenuItem(IDC_MNU_FOUR,"Library");
When the user selects a menu item, a msg will be sent to the dialog.

Deficiencies

  • Doesn't provide a Create method that will initialize the control properly (yet)
  • Doesn't respond to the BS_DEFPUSHBUTTON flag
  • Downloads

    Download demo project - 16 Kb
    Download source - 3 Kb

    Version History

    • August 16, 2000 - Fixed the OnDraw method to use the DRAWITEMSTRUCT's HWND instead of the Button's HWND when calling GetWindowText(). This fixed a bug that resulted in two different CButtonMenu's on the same dialog always painting the same caption.
    • July 27, 2000 - Original version posted


    Comments

    • There are no comments yet. Be the first to comment!

    Leave a Comment
    • Your email address will not be published. All fields are required.

    Top White Papers and Webcasts

    • The future of cloud platforms is at hand. Even if your cloud applications are basic now, your next set of apps will require strong analytics services and tools, as well as features that ease enterprise integration. To fill these needs, consider using not only your current cloud provider but also specialists. Take advantage of not only the big cloud platforms, but also specialized providers in vertical industries; countries and regions; and functional domains including omnichannel, analytics, integration, and …

    • Today's enterprise datacenter can be one of the most complex business environments with dozens (for smaller business), hundreds (for larger and midsize business), even thousands (for hyperscale businesses) of servers that must be managed and monitored. At this level, just managing the cords can be challenging — let alone keeping up with the growing need for more agility and scalability within the datacenter. Simply put, companies are aggressively looking for less complexity and more agility from their …

    Most Popular Programming Stories

    More for Developers

    RSS Feeds

    Thanks for your registration, follow us on our social networks to keep up-to-date